Academic Articles Apr. 6

Source: Oceans can be restored to former glory within 30 years, say scientists

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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  • Rebuilding marine life
    • Source: Nature
    • Author(s): Carlos M. Duarte et al
    • Analyses of the recovery of marine populations, habitats and ecosystems following past conservation interventions indicate that substantial recovery of the abundance, structure and function of marine life could be achieved by 2050…
  • Where Marine Protected Areas would best represent 30% of ocean biodiversity
    • Source: Biological Conservation
    • Author(s): Qianshuo Zhao et al
    • The IUCN (the International Union for Conservation of Nature) World Conservation Congress called for the full protection of 30% of each marine habitat globally and at least 30% of all the ocean. Thus, we quantitatively prioritized the top 30% areas for Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) globally using global scale measures of biodiversity from the species to ecosystem level. 
  • Habitat fragmentation changes top‐down and bottom‐up controls of food webs
    • Source: Ecology
    • Author(s): Rong Wang et al
    • Top‐down and bottom‐up controls regulate the structure and stability of ecosystems, but their relative roles in terrestrial systems have been debated. Here we studied a hydro‐inundated land‐bridge system in subtropical China and tested the relative importance of these two controls in determining…
  • Protecting irrecoverable carbon in Earth’s ecosystems
    • Source: Nature Climate Change
    • Author(s): Allie Goldstein et al 
    • In order to limit warming and the most severe consequences of climate change, net global carbon emissions must reach zero by 2050. Many ecosystems contain carbon that would be irrecoverable on this timescale if lost…
  • Coral reef survival under accelerating ocean deoxygenation
    • Source: Nature Climate Change
    • Author(s): David J. Hughes et al
    • Global warming and local eutrophication simultaneously lower oxygen (O2) saturation and increase biological O2 demands to cause deoxygenation. Tropical shallow waters, and their coral reefs, are particularly vulnerable to extreme low O2 (hypoxia) events…
  • Increasing fragmentation of forest cover in Brazil’s Legal Amazon from 2001 to 2017
    • Source: Scientific Reports
    • Author(s): Bruno Montibeller, Alexander Kmoch, Holger Virro, Ülo Mander & Evelyn Uuemaa 
    • Persistent forest loss in the Brazilian Legal Amazon (BLA) is responsible for carbon emission, reduction of ecosystem services, and loss of biodiversity. Combining spatial data analysis with high spatial resolution data for forest cover and forest loss, we quantified the spatial and temporal patterns of forest dynamics in the BLA…
  • Renewable energy development threatens many globally important biodiversity areas
    • Source: Global Change Ecology
    • Author(s): Jose A. Rehbein et al
    • Transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy is fundamental for halting anthropogenic climate change. However, renewable energy facilities can be land‐use intensive and impact conservation areas, and little attention has been given to whether the aggregated effect of energy transitions poses a substantial threat to global biodiversity…
  • Alternative pathways to a sustainable future lead to contrasting biodiversity responses
    • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
    • Author(s): Inês S. Martins, Laetitia M. Navarro, Henrique M. Pereira, Isabel M.D. Rosa
    • Land-use change is currently the main driver of biodiversity loss. Projections of land-use change are often used to estimate potential impacts on biodiversity of future pathways of human development. However, such analyses frequently neglect that species can persist in human-modified habitats…
  • Quantifying interregional flows of multiple ecosystem services – A case study for Germany
    • Source: Global Environmental Change
    • Author(s): Janina Kleemann et al
    • Despite a growing number of national-scale ecosystem service (ES) assessments, few studies consider the impacts of ES use and consumption beyond national or regional boundaries. Interregional ES flows – ecosystem services “imported” from and “exported” to other countries – are rarely analyzed and their importance for global sustainability is little known…

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