Academic Articles April 21

Source: ‘Ocean in crisis’: Global plan to protect world’s seas


The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Restoration of plant diversity in permanent grassland by seeding: assessing the limiting factors along land‐use gradients

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Martin Freitag et al.
  • Land‐use intensification has caused dramatic declines in grassland biodiversity, and in Europe this decline has not yet been halted… Considering constraints by land‐use intensity and plant functional traits during restoration could improve the efficacy of restoration efforts…

Variations of carbon allocation and turnover time across tropical forests

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Hui Yang et al.
  • The carbon sink in tropical forests is a highly uncertain component of the global carbon budget. An understanding of the processes controlling this sink requires better quantification of carbon allocation, stocks and turnover times…

A 150-year avian bio-inventory on a global biodiversity hotspot island

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Cong Huang et al.
  • Knowledge of species inventory is crucial for identifying when and where species occur historically and geographically; yet few studies have gathered heterogeneous data from different sources to understand long-term spatio-temporal species dynamics in response to ongoing global environmental change. Hainan Island, China is a global biodiversity hotspot…

A Bio-Economic Analysis of Conflicts between Illegal Hunting and Wildlife Management in Cameroon: The Case of Campo-Ma’an National Park

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Jean Nlom
  • Using bio-economic modelling, this paper analyses conflicts between legal and illegal activities in the Campo-Ma’an National Park, Cameroon. We consider two different agents, a local community living near the Park – who hunt illegally to fulfil their welfare -,  and a park manager who has received from the Cameroonian government the mandate to manage the wildlife found in the park…

Conservation beyond the existing protected area network is required to improve species and habitat representation in a global biodiversity hotspot

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Jose De Alban et al.
  • Adequate representation of species and habitats is a critical aspect of an effective protected area (PA) network. Here, we evaluate the representation of focal wildlife species and forest types within the existing 11,241-km2 PA network of the Tanintharyi Region in southern Myanmar… and use spatial prioritisation tools to identify additional priority areas for conservation outside the existing network…

Global assessment of artificial habitat use by amphibian species

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): J. Valdez, J. Gould, J. Garnham
  • Human modification of natural landscapes is a key threatening process contributing to the decline of global biodiversity. Amphibians are particularly vulnerable to this threat, with over a third of species threatened as a direct result. However, some habitat modifications may be less detrimental than others…

Large ecosystem-scale effects of restoration fail to mitigate impacts of land-use legacies in longleaf pine savannas

  • Source: Lars Brudvig et al.
  • Author(s): PNAS
  • The restoration of degraded ecosystems is a global priority, yet successful restoration is challenged by the lingering degrading impacts of human land-use activities, like agriculture. Using a large-scale experiment within the longleaf pine ecosystem, we evaluate how 45 abiotic and biotic ecological properties are affected by legacies of past farming and conversion to pine plantations…

A paradoxical knowledge gap in science for critically endangered fishes and game fishes during the sixth mass extinction

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Christopher Guy et al.
  • Despite unprecedented scientific productivity, Earth is undergoing a sixth mass extinction. The disconnect between scientific output and species conservation may be related to scientists studying the wrong species. Given fishes have a high extinction rate, we assessed the paradox between scientific productivity and science needed for conservation by comparing scientific output created for critically endangered fishes and game fishes…
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