Academic Articles April 28

Source: Nature ‘more important than ever during lockdown’

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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How scholars prioritize the competing values of conservation and sustainability

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): John Vucetich, Jeremy Bruskotter, Lily van Eeden, Ewan Macdonald
  • Aspirations for human-nature relationships involve values that are widely embraced, yet often compete with one another. As such, there is need to understand how individuals prioritize competing values pertaining to human-nature relationships. To quantify individuals’ affinity for those priorities we develop a survey instrument…

Global assessment of artificial habitat use by amphibian species

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): J. Valdez, J. Gould, J. Garnham
  • Human modification of natural landscapes is a key threatening process contributing to the decline of global biodiversity. Amphibians are particularly vulnerable to this threat, with over a third of species threatened as a direct result. However, some habitat modifications may be less detrimental than others…

Compensating for lost nature values through biodiversity offsetting – Where is the evidence?

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Jonas Josefsson et al.
  • Biodiversity offsetting is becoming a principal instrument for managing biodiversity and ecosystem services in society. Still, it is unclear whether biodiversity offsetting can fully mitigate losses to natural values. When reviewing published studies on offsetting, we found only 40 evaluations with primary outcome data on biodiversity or ecosystem services…

Persistent gender bias in marine science and conservation calls for action to achieve equity

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Sylvaine Giakoumi et al.
  • The increasing consideration of gender balance in conservation science and practice has been reflected in the setting of global commitments. Yet, women remain under-represented in science and conservation decision-making. We compiled and analyzed data on the representation of women…

A bio-economic analysis of conflicts between illegal hunting and wildlife management in Cameroon: The case of Campo-Ma’an National Park

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Jean Nlom
  • Using bio-economic modelling, this paper analyses conflicts between legal and illegal activities in the Campo-Ma’an National Park, Cameroon. We consider two different agents, a local community living near the Park – who hunt illegally to fulfil their welfare, and a park manager who has received who has received from the Cameroonian government the mandate to manage the wildlife found in the park…

Can we save critically endangered relict endemic plant species? A case study of Primula boveana Decne ex Duby in Egypt

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Karim Omar, Ibrahim Elgamal
  • Primula boveana Decne ex Duby is a threatened paleo-endemic plant in St. Catherine Protected Area (SCPA), south Sinai, Egypt which represents the remaining evidence from the Tertiary relict floras. Listed by IUCN Red List in 2014 as Critically Endangered, and there are urgent needs to carry out on-ground conservation actions…

Quantifying the impacts of Australian bushfires on native forests and gray-headed flying foxes

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): K. Baranowski, C. Fausta, P. Eby, N. Bharti
  • Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of wildfires in many regions of the world. Changing fire regimes have been shown to delay vegetation recovery and shift distribution of ecosystems, increasing the importance of understanding the short-and long-term impacts of these changes…

Vulnerability assessment of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia: world’s most irreplaceable nature reserve

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Margareth Duran-Izquierdo, Jesus Olivero-Verbel
  • Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta (SNSM), Colombia, has been considered the world’s most irreplaceable nature reserve. However, little is known about how human activities are generating significant impacts on this protected ecosystem. The aim of this work was to develop a Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework as well as a threat assessment…

Modelling current and future species distribution of breeding birds as regional essential biodiversity variables (SD EBVs): a bird perspective in Swiss Alps

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation 
  • Author(s): Nasrin Tehrani, Babak Naimi, Michel Jaboyedoff
  • Changes in distribution and abundance of species affect the entirety of biodiversity and monitoring these changes is critical for the efficient conservation of integrity and functions of species population. However, acquiring accurate information on biodiversity over large spatial scales poses a challenge…

Above‐ and belowground biodiversity jointly drive ecosystem stability in natural alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography 
  • Author(s): Litong Chen et al.
  • Most existing studies that examined the biotic mechanisms of ecosystem stability have focused on aboveground biodiversity. Whether and how belowground biodiversity affects the stability of natural ecosystems is largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the relationships between above‐ and belowground biodiversity and the temporal stability of grassland biomass production across a large gradient of soil and climatic conditions…

How hydrological connectivity regulates the plant recovery process in salt marshes

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Qing Wang et al.
  • Our findings expand the quantification of the hydrological environment beyond elevation, distance or other single index to include a range of elements of hydrological connectivity, thus illustrating the underlying mechanisms of hydrological connectivity which regulate restoration strategies based on different life stages…

Large predators can mitigate nutrient losses associated with off‐site removal of animals from a wildlife reserve

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Andrew Abraham et al.
  • We find that the capture and permanent removal of large‐bodied animals from wildlife reserves can be a significant cause of nutrient loss. Over time, in sites where nutrient input and/or retention is low, this may contribute to nutritional stress for remaining resident animals…

A meta‐analysis of the influence of anthropogenic noise on terrestrial wildlife communication strategies

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Cameron Duquette, Scott Loss, Torre Hovick
  • Our study reveals the ways in which wildlife can alter their signals to contend with anthropogenic noise, and discusses the potential fitness and management consequences of these signal alterations. This information, combined with an identification of current research needs, will allow researchers and managers to better develop noise pollution risk assessment protocols and prioritize mitigation efforts to reduce anthropogenic noise…

Plant provenance affects pollinator network: Implications for ecological restoration

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Anna Bucharova et al.
  • Plant provenances substantially differ in their interactions with local pollinators. Therefore, the selection of plant provenance should be considered when planning restoration projects for the support of pollinators. The selection of plant provenance for ecological restoration is an intensively debated topic…

Combining payment for crop damages and reward for productivity to address wildlife conflict

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Poorva Joshi et al.
  • Conflict caused by wild herbivores damaging crops is an almost universal problem in conservation. We designed and implemented a game‐theory‐based system for supporting farmers whose crops were being heavily damaged by wild herbivores. In this community‐operated system, farmers self‐report their production, which is endorsed by neighboring farmers…

Effect of land use, habitat suitability, and hurricanes on the population connectivity of an endemic insular bat

  • Source: Conservation Biology 
  • Author(s): Camilo Calderón-Acevedo, Armando Rodríguez-Durán, J. Soto-Centeno 
  • Urbanization and natural disasters can disrupt landscape connectivity, effectively isolating populations and increasing the risk of local extirpation particularly in island systems. To understand how fragmentation affects corridors among forested areas, we used circuit theory to model the landscape connectivity of the endemic bat Stenoderma rufum within Puerto Rico…

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