Academic Articles August 17

Source: Judge Overturns Trump Administration’s Rollback of Bird Protections

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Ozone affects plant, insect, and soil microbial communities: A threat to terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Evgenios Agathokleous et al.
  • Elevated tropospheric ozone concentrations induce adverse effects in plants. We reviewed how ozone affects (i) the composition and diversity of plant communities by affecting key physiological traits; (ii) foliar chemistry and the emission of volatiles, thereby affecting plant-plant competition, plant-insect…

Collective property rights reduce deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

  • Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America
  • Author(s): Kathryn Baragwanath, Ella Bayi
  • One way to cut back on deforestation in the Amazon rainforest – and help in the global fight against climate change – is to grant more of Brazil’s indigenous communities full property rights to tribal lands.

No net insect abundance and diversity declines across US Long Term Ecological Research sites

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Michael S. Crossley et al.
  • Scientists have been warning about an ‘insect apocalypse’ in recent years, noting sharp declines in specific areas — particularly in Europe. A new study shows these warnings may have been exaggerated and are not representative of what’s happening to insects on a larger scale.

Future of Ecology?

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Mark Westoby
  • Editors Dobson, Holt, and Tilman express ‘a deep conviction that ecology will be a central defining science of the twenty-first century, just as physics defined the twentieth, and chemistry the nineteenth’. 

A policy-driven framework for conserving the best of Earth’s remaining moist tropical forests

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Andrew J. Hansen et al.
  • The world’s ‘best of the last’ tropical forests are at significant risk of being lost, according to a new article. Of these pristine forests that provide key services — including carbon storage, prevention of disease transmission and water provision — only a mere 6.5 percent are formally protected.

Internal tides can provide thermal refugia that will buffer some coral reefs from future global warming

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Curt D. Storlazzi, Olivia M. Cheriton, Ruben van Hooidonk, Zhongxiang Zhao, Russell Brainard 
  • Observations show ocean temperatures are rising due to climate change, resulting in a fivefold increase in the incidence of regional-scale coral bleaching events since the 1980s…

Evaluating The Global State of Ecosystems and Natural Resources: within and beyond The SDGs

  • Source: Preprints 
  • Author(s): Christopher Dickens et al.
  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) purport to report holistically on progress towards sustainability and do so using more than 231 discrete indicators with a primary objective to achieve a balance between the environment, social and economic aspects of development.

An urgent call for circular economy advocates to acknowledge its limitations in conserving biodiversity

  • Source: Science of the Total Environment
  • Author(s): Johanna Buchmann-Duck, Karen F. Beazley
  • The circular economy has emerged as an alternative model to a traditional linear economy. It aims to tackle the resource exploitation that accompanies a linear economy and decouple economic growth from reliance on primary resources.

Towards a systematics of ecodiversity: The EcoSyst framework

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Rune Halvorsen et al.
  • The aim is to present the EcoSyst framework, a set of general principles and methods for systematization of natural diversity that simultaneously addresses biotic and abiotic variation, and to discuss perspectives opened by this framework.

The State of Conservation in North America’s Boreal Forest: Issues and Opportunities

  • Source: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
  • Author(s): Jeffrey V. Wells, Natalie Dawson, Nada Culver, Frederic A. Reid, Shaunna Morgan Siegers
  • With the advent of GIS capabilities and the availability of complete global coverage of remote sensing products over the last two decades, identification of the biomes of the world with the least large-scale human impacts has become possible. Notwithstanding the various methodological and definitional…

Science Must Embrace Traditional and Indigenous Knowledge to Solve Our Biodiversity Crisis

  • Source: One Earth
  • Author(s): Edwin Ogar, Gretta Pecl, Tero Mustonen
  • Traditional and Indigenous knowledge has successfully preserved and restored biodiversity across the globe. However, its recognition as being as equally valid as Western science as a way of knowing remains lacking.

Proposing a Community-Based Wildlife Conservation Well-Being Instrument

  • Source: International Journal of Community Well-Being
  • Author(s): Laura Musikanski et al.
  • In this perspective article, we propose a well-being survey instrument based on Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness (GNH) framework for use in community-based wildlife conservation projects. 

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