Academic Articles August 18

Source: Climate change: IPCC report is ‘code red for humanity’

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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The extent and effectiveness of protected areas in the UK

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Thomas Starnes et al.
  • The UK protected area estate is disproportionately represented by sites with IUCN Category V ‘landscape’ designations. UK National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, representing the majority of Category V areas in the UK, do not prioritise nature conservation, indicating that…

Integrate biodiversity targets from local to global levels

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): David O. Obura et al.
  • Decisions to be made at the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will shape biodiversity conservation approaches for the next 30 years, a critical time for the future of nature and people.  Reflecting from our African perspective…

Scientific foundations for an ecosystem goal, milestones and indicators for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Emily Nicholson et al.
  • Despite substantial conservation efforts, the loss of ecosystems continues globally, along with related declines in species and nature’s contributions to people. An effective ecosystem goal, supported by clear milestones, targets and indicators, is urgently needed for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework… 

Do apex predators need to regulate prey populations to be a right conservation target?

  • Source: Global EcologBiological Conservation
  • Author(s): Alejandro Martínez-Abraín et al.
  • Some authors consider that apex predators that cannot regulate prey populations are not a complete conservation target. We argue that this image originates in northern latitudes where cultural models of wildness have developed further due to contingent historical and social reasons…

Social identity, values, and trust in government: How stakeholder group, ideology, and wildlife value orientations relate to trust in a state agency for wildlife management

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Susan A. Schroeder et al.
  • Our objective was to understand how social identity and values influenced general public and stakeholder trust in a state wildlife management agency (SWMA). In particular, we wanted to examine how stakeholder group, political ideology, and wildlife value orientation influenced trust in a SWMA…

Underestimated threats to manta rays in Brazil: Primacies to support conservation strategies

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Nayara Bucair et al.
  • Manta rays are marine planktivorous elasmobranchs that are distributed worldwide and highly susceptible to overexploitation. Although they are legally protected in Brazil since March 2013, incidental and intentional captures still occur. The sharp population decline following…

Connecting ecosystem services science and policy in the field

  • Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
  • Author(s): JB Ruhl et al.
  • Conservation and provision of ecosystem services (ES) have been adopted as high-level policy in many countries, yet there has been surprisingly little application of these broad policies in the field; for example, ES are rarely considered in permit issuance or other discrete agency actions. This large…

The Montreal Protocol protects the terrestrial carbon sink

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Paul J. Young et al.
  • The control of the production of ozone-depleting substances through the Montreal Protocol means that the stratospheric ozone layer is recoveringand that consequent increases in harmful surface ultraviolet radiation are being avoided. The Montreal Protocol has co-benefits for climate change mitigation…

Occupation rates of artificial nest boxes by secondary cavity-nesting birds: The influence of nest site characteristics

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Lei Zhang et al.
  • Artificial nest boxes may increase the abundance of nest sites for secondary cavity-nesting birds and provide more breeding opportunities. Since birds have strong preferences for certain characteristics of nest boxes, careful selection of installation sites can improve the occupancy rate of nest boxes…

A global-scale expert assessment of drivers and risks associated with pollinator decline

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Lynn V. Dicks et al.
  • Pollinator decline has attracted global attention and substantial efforts are underway to respond through national pollinator strategies and action plans. These policy responses require clarity on what is driving pollinator decline and what risks it generates for society in different parts of the world…

Knowledge gaps at the intersection of road noise and biodiversity

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Christopher J. W. McClure
  • Roads are a ubiquitous source of noise pollution. Several recent reviews highlight the ecological and evolutionary consequences of anthropogenic noise, but do not specifically focus on roads. I leverage a prior systematic mapping effort to examine patterns…

Species distribution models for conservation: identifying translocation sites for eastern quolls under climate change

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Molly M. Barlow et al.
  • Conservation and natural resource management are frequently hampered by poor understanding of how species distributions have changed over time. Species Distribution Models (SDMs) correlate known occurrences with environmental variables to predict a species’ potential range…

Photogrammetry as a tool to improve ecosystem restoration

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Renata Ferrari et al.
  • Ecosystem restoration has been practiced for over a century and is increasingly supported by the emergent applied science of restoration ecology. A prerequisite for successful ecosystem restoration is determining meaningful and measurable goals. This requires tools to monitor success in a standardized…

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