Academic Articles August 24

Source: Seeds of Doubt: Amazon Forest Gatherers Dread Drought and Fires

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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The impact of climate conditions on economic production. Evidence from a global panel of regions

  • Source: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
  • Author(s): Matthias Kalkuhl, Leonie Wenz
  • Rising temperatures due to our greenhouse gas emissions can cause greater damages to our economies than previous research suggested, a new study shows…

The future of food from the sea

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Christopher Costello et al,
  • Modelled supply curves show that, with policy reform and technological innovation, the production of food from the sea may increase sustainably, perhaps supplying 25% of the increase in demand for meat products by 2050…

Three-pronged pandemic prevention

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): n/a
  • The importance of biodiversity protection for disease prevention is now obvious from evolutionary, ecological and economic angles…

Climate change impacts on potential future ranges of non-human primate species

  • Source: Climatic Change
  • Author(s): Brogan M. Stewart, Sarah E. Turner, H. Damon Matthews 
  • Researchers have projected the effects current and estimated future global temperature increases would have on the precise territories that were home to particular primate species, based on projected emissions of CO2…

Biodiversity scientists must fight the creeping rise of extinction denial

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Alexander C. Lees, Simon Attwood, Jos Barlow, Ben Phalan
  • Efforts by conservation scientists to draw public attention to the biodiversity crisis are increasingly met with denialist rhetoric. We summarize some of the methods used by denialists to undermine scientific evidence on biodiversity loss, and outline pathways forward for the scientific community to counter misinformation…

Biodiversity loss underlies the dilution effect of biodiversity

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Fletcher W. Halliday, Jason R. Rohr, Anna‐Liisa Laine
  • The dilution effect predicts increasing biodiversity to reduce the risk of infection, but the generality of this effect remains unresolved. Here, by re‐analyzing the (often conflicting) results of previously published meta‐analyses, we show that ecological processes like habitat fragmentation, urbanisation…

Reduction in global habitat loss from fossil‐fuel‐dependent increases in cropland productivity

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Indur M. Goklany
  • Terrestrial biodiversity loss is among the world’s greatest environmental threats. It is driven mainly by loss of habitat to agriculture, and by climate change caused mainly from fossil fuel (FF) use. However, FF‐dependent technologies are currently essential for manufacturing synthetic nitrogen…

A changing climate is snuffing out post‐fire recovery in montane forests

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Kyle C. Rodman et al.
  • Climate warming is increasing fire activity in many of Earth’s forested ecosystems. Because fire is a catalyst for change, investigation of post‐fire vegetation response is critical to understanding the potential for future conversions from forest to non‐forest vegetation types. We characterized…

Effective Conservation

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Kate E. Lynch, Daniel T. Blumstein
  • Effective altruism is a growing humanitarian movement with a track record of success in evaluating the effectiveness of charitable spending across a wide range of projects. We suggest ways in which the foundations of this movement can be applied to the complex world of conservation…

Quantifying Social-Ecological Scale Mismatches Suggests People Should Be Managed at Broader Scales Than Ecosystems

  • Source: One Earth
  • Author(s): Graeme S. Cumming, Kirstin A. Dobbs
  • A world-first study examines the scales of management of the Great Barrier Reef. The findings have the potential to help sustain other ecosystems across the world. The study provides a new approach for diagnosing social-ecological scale mismatches and responding to them…

Moving from decision to action in conservation science

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Alexander D. Wright et al.
  • Biodiversity loss is a major threat to the integrity of ecosystems and is projected to worsen, yet the path to successful conservation remains elusive. Decision support frameworks (DSFs) are increasingly applied by…

The effects of marine protected areas on ecosystem recovery and fisheries using a comparative modelling approach

  • Source: Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems
  • Author(s): Daniel Vilas et al.
  • The overexploitation of many marine resources and ecosystems calls for the development and implementation of measures to support their recovery and conservation…

Cross-scale and social-ecological changes constitute main threats to private land conservation in South Africa

  • Source: Journal of Environmental Management
  • Author(s): Hayley S. Clements, Reinette Biggs, Graeme S. Cumming
  • Conserving biodiversity in the long term will depend in part on the capacity of Protected Areas (PAs) to cope with cross-scale, social-ecological disturbances and changes, which are becoming more frequent in a highly connected world…

A policy-driven framework for conserving the best of Earth’s remaining moist tropical forests

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Andrew J. Hansen et al.
  • Analysing global high-resolution three-dimensional maps of forest structure, the authors show that only half of the world’s remaining moist tropical forest has both high structural integrity and low human pressure, and they outline a framework for its conservation and restoration…

In-Situ and Ex-Situ Biodiversity Conservation in Ecuador: A Review of Policies, Actions and Challenges

  • Source: Diversity
  • Author(s): Carlos Mestanza-Ramón et al.
  • Biodiversity is vital for the stability of the planet; its ecosystem services provide essential elements for our survival and well-being. This review analyzes the national biodiversity policies and describes the main strategies for biodiversity conservation in Ecuador, one of the “mega-diverse” countries…

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