Academic Articles August 25

Source: Nature crisis: Talks resume on global plan to protect biodiversity

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Areas of global importance for conserving terrestrial biodiversity, carbon and water

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution 
  • Author(s): Martin Jung et al
  • To meet the ambitious objectives of biodiversity and climate conventions, the international community requires clarity on how these objectives can be operationalized spatially and how multiple targets can be pursued concurrently. To support goal setting and the implementation of international strategies…

Large carnivore response to human road use suggests a landscape of coexistence

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Todd M. Kautz et al.
  • Coexistence between humans and large carnivores may depend on carnivore adaptations to use developed landscapes while reducing human encounters. Roads are a widespread form of human development that carnivores may perceive as efficient travel routes or centers of human activity…

Successful parks for sharks: No-take marine reserve provides conservation benefits to endemic and threatened sharks off South Africa

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Patricia S. Albano et al.
  • Sharks are among the most threatened vertebrates on the planet. Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been widely established and promoted as a shark conservation tool. However, the geographic ranges of most imperiled shark species fall outside the current global networks of MPAs…

Communities behind the lens: A review and critical analysis of Visual Participatory Methods in biodiversity conservation

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Shannon S. Swanson and Nicole M. Ardoin
  • Theoretical approaches and methods from social science fields such as public health, education, and environmental justice may offer productive insights for the conservation endeavor. One approach long-used in these fields are Visual Participatory Methods (VPMs), which incorporate…

Large-Scale Collaboration Reveals Landscape-Level Effects of Land-Use on Turtle Demography

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): H. Patrick Roberts et al.
  • Freshwater turtles and tortoises are declining worldwide and currently represent one of the most imperiled major vertebrate groups. This study highlights the valuable role that collaboration across institutions and jurisdictions can play in the conservation of cryptic taxa…

Restoration in degraded subtropical broadleaved forests induces changes in soil bacterial communities

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Yuhua Ma et al.
  • Soil resident bacterial communities are involved in myriad key processes that facilitate ecosystem functionality. However, our understanding of their diversity and compositional dynamics following ecological restoration, and the main factors that influence them, remains inadequate…

Response of Avian Communities to Edges of Tropical Montane Forests: Implications for the Future of Endemic Habitat Specialists

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Jill E. Jankowski et al.
  • Tropical montane landscapes harbor diverse flora and fauna, and many species there are ecological specialists with narrow elevational distributions, limited geographic ranges, and small global populations. Along elevational gradients, environmental conditions and community composition…

Negative effects of neonicotinoids on male honeybee survival, behaviour, and physiology in the field

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Lars Straub et al.
  • Agricultural chemicals such as neonicotinoid insecticides are believed to be one important factor responsible for the recent reduction in health of pollinating insects like the western honeybee (Apis mellifera). However, effects of neonicotinoids on male (drone) honeybee health remain severely…

Individual and population dietary specialization decline in fin whales during a period of ecosystem shift

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Cabrol Jory et al. 
  • This study sought to estimate the effect of an anthropogenic and climate-driven change in prey availability on the degree of individual and population specialization of a large marine predator, the fin whale…

Mainstreaming the humanities in conservation

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): George Holmes et al.
  • Anthropogenic biodiversity loss is, by definition, a human and social issue. Understanding humans and their societies is an essential part of mitigating biodiversity loss, and to do so, conservation must engage with relevant knowledge…

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