Academic Articles August 4

Source: Emperor penguins headed for ‘threatened’ status under Endangered Species Act – they’re at risk from climate change

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Prioritizing forest restoration and conservation to benefit marine ecosystems in data‐poor regions

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Jade M. S. Delevaux and Kostantinos A. Stramoulis 
  • We used open-access global geospatial datasets and software to inform the prioritization of future forest management interventions that can have the greatest benefit on marine conservation in Vanuatu (Oceania). We compared outputs from 2 global marine habitat maps to maximize sediment retention…

Disturbance structures canopy and understory productivity along an environmental gradient

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Max C. N. Castorani et al.
  • A lush canopy is a defining feature of most of the planet’s forests. But canopy-forming species can be particularly vulnerable to disturbances and environmental change. So the question is: What is a forest without its trees…

Looming extinctions due to invasive species: Irreversible loss of ecological strategy and evolutionary history

  • Source: Global Change Biology
  • Author(s): Céline Bellard et al.
  • The introduction of invasive species leads to a decline in certain native species: a team of researchers has managed to show that 11% of the global phylogenetic diversity of birds and mammals, in other words their accumulated evolutionary history, is threatened by biological invasions. Their ability…

Identifying global and local drivers of change in mangrove cover and the implications for management

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): J. M. Maina et al.
  • Background Climate change and human activities continue to drive a widespread decline in global mangrove coverage, undermining their capacity to provide ecosystem benefits. While global and local scale drivers of change on mangroves are widely acknowledged, the relative importance and the…

Effects of logging on landscape-level tree diversity across an elevational gradient in Bornean tropical forests

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Sakiko Yano et al.
  • Logging has caused a substantial loss of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. Therefore, it is important to examine how logging affects biodiversity on a landscape scale to plan responsible management of a tropical forest. Although a number of plot-based studies have shown the effect…

Woodland caribou avoid wellsite activity during winter

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Doug MacNearney et al.
  • Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus) are threatened in Alberta in part due to the development of oil and gas resources. To inform best management practices for caribou, we assessed how proximity to wellsites influenced caribou habitat selection, and whether habitat selection varied across wellsite…

The dynamics of landscape changes surrounding a firefly ecotourism area

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Nor ShafikahIdris et al.
  • Land use land cover (LULC) patterns have been reported to significantly affect ecotourism areas. Understanding the dynamic patterns of LULC changes is important for the efficient management of these areas. This research determined the influence of LULC changes on mangrove areas…

A decision-making tool for restoring lowland grasslands in Europe

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Thibaut Goret et al.
  • Species-rich grasslands suffer from significant loss and degradation all over the world. In particular in lowland Europe, the vast majority of these habitats are in an unfavourable conservation status which requires urgent restoration measures. A significant amount of information on the results of…

Distribution and temporal trends in the abundance of nesting sea turtles in the Red Sea

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Takahiro Shimada et al.
  • Sea turtles demonstrate this life history trait, which can make these species highly susceptible to population declines if nesting habitats are lost or degraded. Conservation management thus requires knowledge of where and when turtles nest and changes in abundance in these habitats through time…

Assessing conservation priorities of endemic seed plants in the central Himalaya (Nepal): A complementarity and phylogenetic diversity approach

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Nawal Shrestha et al.
  • The rate of species extinction has accelerated in the past few decades due to human-induced global changes. Establishing protected areas (PA) is one of the most viable solutions to averting this crisis. Although PA establishment in the past followed an ad-hoc approach without considering…

Thresholds of temperature change for mass extinctions

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Haijun Song et al.
  • Climate change is a critical factor affecting biodiversity. However, the quantitative relationship between temperature change and extinction is unclear. Here, we analyze magnitudes and rates of temperature change and extinction rates of marine fossils through the past 450 million years (Myr)…

The world’s species are playing musical chairs: how will it end?

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Gayathri Vaidyanathan
  • Scientists say it’s clear that there’s a biodiversity crisis, but there are many questions about the details. Which species will lose? Will new communities be healthy and desirable? Will the rapidly changing ecosystems be able to deal with climate change? And where should conservation actions be targeted…

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