Academic Articles December 2nd

Source: Botanical gardens: The need to conserve medicinal plants

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Conservation planning across realms: Enhancing connectivity for multi‐realm species

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Virgilio Hermoso, Rita Vasconcelos, Sofia Henriques, Ana Filipe, Silvia Carvalho
  • Addressing connectivity across realms deserves special attention when planning for the conservation of multi‐realm species to ensure the adequacy of conservation recommendations to respond to the needs of multi‐realm species. Given the potential trade‐offs between enhanced cross‐realm connectivity…

Cumulative habitat loss increases conservation threats on endemic species of terrestrial vertebrates in Mexico

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Fernando Mayani-Parás, Francisco Botello, Saúl Castañeda, Mariana Munguía-Carrara, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero
  • Of a total of 996 species, only 311 species produced robust species potential distribution models. Significant differences in habitat loss in species extant distributions were observed from 1985 to 2002, which coincided with high national habitat loss rates…

A stochastic model of jaguar abundance in the Peruvian Amazon under climate variation scenarios 

  • Source: Ecology and Evolution
  • Author(s): Kevin Burrage et al.
  • Estimating jaguar population size is difficult, due to uncertainty in the underlying dynamical processes as well as highly variable and sparse data. We develop a stochastic temporal model of jaguar abundance in the Peruvian Amazon, taking into account prey availability, under various climate change scenarios…

Multiple‐scale negative impacts of warming on ecosystem carbon use efficiency across the Tibetan Plateau grasslands

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Ning Chen et al.
  • Ecosystem carbon use efficiency (CUEe) is a core parameter of ecosystem process models, but its relationships with climate are still uncertain, especially for ecosystems with harsh environments. Large inconsistencies in climate impacts on the CUEe have been reported among various spatial…

Conservation in heavily urbanized biodiverse regions requires urgent management action and attention to governance 

  • Source: Conservation Science and Practice
  • Author(s): Laura Kehoe et al.
  • We discover that the 102 species at risk of local extinction within Canada’s most diverse, heavily urbanized coastal region, the Fraser River estuary, require urgent investment in management strategies costing an estimated CAD$381 M over 25 years… 

Conservation status of native tree species in British Columbia

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Tongli Wang, Pia Smets, Christine Chourmouzis, Sally Aitken, Dave Kolotelo
  • We assess the conservation status of all tree species in order to identify conservation gaps and prioritize genetic conservation efforts. Results of our gap analysis revealed that overall, the native tree species in 89% of the conservation units were well protected in situ…

Constrained optimization of landscape indices in conservation planning to support ecological restoration in New Caledonia

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Dimitri Justeau‐Allaire et al.
  • Curbing habitat loss, reducing fragmentation, and restoring connectivity are frequent concerns of conservation planning. In this respect, the incorporation of spatial constraints, fragmentation, and connectivity indices into optimization procedures is an important challenge for improving…

Biodiversity conservation in the sacred groves of north-west Ethiopia: diversity and community structure of woody species

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Ferehiwot Mequanint et al.
  • Forest fragmentation is globally pervasive but especially severe in tropical forests, as exemplified by the state of Afrotropical montane forests in Ethiopia, where remnant forests almost exclusively exists as small, isolated fragments centered around churches, forming networks of partially intact habitat islands…

Global assessment of critical forest and landscape restoration needs for threatened terrestrial vertebrate species

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): David Luther et al. 
  • Habitat restoration will prove critical if we are to reverse current population declines and extinction rates of Threatened species. This is particularly the case for forest restoration, given that >80% of Threatened species live in forests and they are habitat for 80% of amphibians, 75% of birds…

Lewis’s woodpecker nesting habitat suitability: Predictive models for application within burned forests

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Todd Cross, Quresh Latif, Jonathan Dudley, Victoria Saab
  • Wildfire-generated snags provide key habitat for wildlife associated with recently disturbed forests, offering nesting and foraging resources for several woodpecker species. Snag harvest through post-fire salvage logging provides economic value but reduces habitat in recently burned forests…

Long-term effectiveness of Natura 2000 network to protect biodiversity: A hint of optimism for common birds

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Karine Princé, Paul Rouveyrol, Vincent Pellissier, Julien Touroult, Frédéric Jiguet
  • The Natura 2000 protected area network (N2000), implemented under the Birds and Habitats Directives, constitutes a key tool for the conservation of European biodiversity. To date, few studies have looked at its long-term effect on biodiversity and even fewer on common species…

Slow breeding rates and low population connectivity indicate Australian palm cockatoos are in severe decline

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Miles Keighley, Stephen Haslett, Christina Zdenek, Robert Heinsohn
  • Dispersal dynamics can determine whether animal populations recover or become extinct following decline or disturbance, especially for species with slow life-histories that cannot replenish quickly. Palm cockatoos have one of the slowest known reproductive rates of any parrot…

Land consolidation negatively affects farmland bird diversity and conservation value

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Katarina Denac, Primož Kmecl
  • Land consolidation can negatively affect biodiversity, as it is usually followed by the expansion of arable land, a decrease in crop and land cover diversity, and an increase in the application of agrochemicals. The aim of our study was to compare the species’ composition and abundance of farmland birds…

Consequences of fragmentation for Neotropical bats: The importance of the matrix

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Stefan Brändel et al.
  • Deforestation and the conversion of forests to agricultural areas lead to habitat loss and often create highly fragmented landscapes. We studied the effects of fragmentation on New-World leaf-nosed bats (Phyllostomidae), a highly diverse keystone taxon in the Neotropics…

A long-term decline in the abundance of endangered leatherback turtles at a foraging ground in the California Current Ecosystem

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Scott Benson et al.
  • In this study, we examined the trend in leatherback abundance off central California from 28 years of aerial survey data from coast-wide and adaptive fine-scale surveys. Our results indicate that leatherback abundance has declined at an annual rate of −5.6% without any marked changes…

Agricultural land-use change alters the structure and diversity of Amazon riparian forests

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Leonardo Maracahipes-Santos et al.
  • Riparian forests play key roles in protecting biodiversity and water resources. We compared the structure of tropical riparian forests within intact and cropland catchments in a region of intensive soybean production in the southeastern Brazilian Amazon…

Implicit attitudes toward wildlife products

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Shuai Wang, ZepengTong, Yang Li, Xinyi Yu, Yan Sun
  • Wildlife conservation is a key issue for the sustainable development of nature. Understanding consumers’ true attitudes toward wildlife products would contribute to the promotion of wildlife conservation. Yet, the inner thoughts of consumers toward wildlife products are difficult to acquire…

Effects of cumulated outdoor activity on wildlife habitat use

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Andrea Corradini et al.
  • Humans profoundly affect animal distributions by directly competing for space, not only transforming, but actively using their habitat. In this study, we propose a methodology unifying two paradigms, human mobility and animal movement…

Demography of baobab population in different land uses in the semi-arid areas of Tanzania

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Upendo Msalilwa, Patrick Ndakidemi, Edna Makule, Linus Munishi
  • Baobab is a deciduous non-timber tree species that are facing severe threats from both anthropogenic and climatic pressures across its range states. This study assessed natural rates of recruitment and associated threats of baobabs within and across different land-use types in semi-arid areas of Tanzania…

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