Academic Articles December 8

Source: Antarctic visitors threaten world’s largest remaining wilderness

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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How Percentage‐Protected Targets Can Support Positive Biodiversity Outcomes

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Carlos Carroll and Reed F. Noss
  • Global targets for the percentage area of land protected, such as 30% by 2030, have gained increasing prominence, but both their scientific basis and likely effectiveness have been questioned. As with emissions-reduction targets based on desired climate outcomes, percentage-protected targets…

Over 80% of Africa’s savannah conservation land is failing or deteriorating according to lions as an indicator species

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Ashley Robson et al.
  • Calls to increase the global area under protection for conservation assume existing conservation areas are effective but, without adequate investment, they may not be. We collected survey data from expert respondents on perceived budgets, management, and threats for 516 protected areas and…

A global agenda for advancing freshwater biodiversity research

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Alain Maasri et al.
  • Global freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and meeting the challenges of this crisis requires bold goals and the mobilization of substantial resources. We provide a concise agenda of 15 pressing priority needs in an effort to support informed global freshwater biodiversity stewardship….

Biodiversity promotes ecosystem functioning despite environmental change

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Pubin Hong et al. 
  • We performed a meta-analysis and found that biodiversity promoted ecosystem functioning in changing environments. Furthermore, positive biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning strengthened in stressful environments but weakened in favorable environments. Biodiversity thus has the potential to…

Widespread Mismatch Between Phenology and Climate in Human-Dominated Landscapes

  • Source: AGU Advances
  • Author(s): Yiluan Song et al.
  • Plants track changing climate partly by shifting their phenology, the timing of recurring biological events. It is unknown whether these observed phenological shifts are sufficient to keep pace with rapid climate changes. Phenological mismatch, or the desynchronization between the timing of critical phenological events…

Identifying science-policy consensus regions of high biodiversity value and institutional recognition

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Marta Cimatti et al.
  • Under unsustainable rates of global biodiversity loss, there is urgent need to improve area-based conservation interventions and focus on regions with the highest conservation value. Efficient conservation plans require knowledge of the most important biodiversity areas…

Priority areas for conservation of primates in a threatened Amazonian savanna

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Bayron R. Calle-Rendón et al.
  • Primates are globally recognized as an important component of biodiversity, however, more than half of primate species in the world are threatened and agriculture expansion is one of the main threats. Brazil has one of the largest networks of protected areas (PAs) in the world, but there are some conservation gaps…

Restoration of plant-animal interactions in terrestrial ecosystems

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Luísa Genes and Rodolfo Dirzo
  • Ecosystem restoration is one of the most promising strategies for conservation in the Anthropocene. Within ecosystems, plant-animal interactions are critical to their functioning, biodiversity and to restoration success. However, there is no systematic assessment of such interactions across restoration efforts…

The incursion of free-ranging dogs into protected areas: A spatio-temporal analysis in a network of giant panda reserves

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Yue Weng et al.
  • Nature reserves are an effective tool in protecting species that are threatened by anthropogenic factors. However, various subtle but significant human disturbances still negatively affect wildlife, such as the incursion of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) into wildlife communities. We conducted camera trap…

Glacier retreat creating new Pacific salmon habitat in western North America

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Kara J. Pitman et al.
  • Glacier retreat poses risks and benefits for species of cultural and economic importance. One example is Pacific salmon, supporting subsistence harvests, and commercial and recreational fisheries worth billions of dollars annually. Although decreases in summer streamflow and warming freshwater…

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