Academic Articles December 9th

Source: ‘Counting nature’: aligning finance with nature’s needs

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Understanding and responding to the environmental human rights defenders crisis: The case for conservation action

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Peter Larsen et al.
  • Close to two thousand environmental human rights defenders have been killed in 57 countries since 2002, with about four losing their lives every week in 2019. Many of these defenders represent Indigenous Peoples and local communities protecting ecosystems from large‐scale environmentally destructive…

A unifying framework for studying and managing climate-driven rates of ecological change

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s):John Williams, Alejandro Ordonez, Jens-Christian Svenning 
  • Given the prospect of ongoing climate change for the next several decades to centuries of the Anthropocene and wide variations in ecological rates of change, the theory and practice of managing ecological systems should shift attention from target states to target rates…

Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): H. Grantham et al.
  • Deforestation is a major environmental issue, but far less attention has been given to the degree of anthropogenic modification of remaining forests, which reduces ecosystem integrity and diminishes many of the benefits that these forests provide…

Beaver dams are associated with enhanced amphibian diversity via lengthened hydroperiods and increased representation of slow‐developing species

  • Source: Freshwater Biology
  • Author(s): John Romansic, Nicolette Nelson,  Kevan Moffett,  Jonah Piovia‐Scott
  • Beaver dams create large, deep pools with long hydroperiods, which could benefit aquatic and semi‐aquatic species, especially pond‐breeding amphibians, which breed in still and slow‐moving water. We studied the relationship between beaver dams and pond‐breeding amphibians…

Combining seascape connectivity with cumulative impact assessment in support of ecosystem‐based marine spatial planning

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Per  Jonsson et al.
  • Cumulative impact assessment (CIA) is a promising approach to guide marine spatial planning (MSP) and management. One limitation of CIA is the neglect of seascape connectivity, which may spread the impact of localised pressures to ambient areas, e.g. through lost dispersal and recruitment…

Temporal biodiversity change following disturbance varies along an environmental gradient

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Elina Kaarlejärvi, Maija Salemaa,  Tiina Tonteri,  Päivi Merilä,  Anna‐Liisa Laine
  • Disturbances induce temporal turnover by stimulating species colonizations, causing local extinctions, altering dominance structure, or all of these. We test which of these processes drive temporal community changes, and whether they are constrained by natural environmental gradients…

The Restoration of Heathland and Mire from Secondary Woodland: How Realistic Are Target Vegetation Communities?

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Helen Read, Clive Bealey
  • A restoration programme on three contrasting habitats was carried out within Burnham Beeches NNR in southern England, using managed vs control areas to aid evaluation of the effectiveness of the management…

Analysis of fish population size distributions confirms cessation of fishing in marine protected areas

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): J. White, Mark Yamane, Kerry Nickols,  Jennifer Caselle
  • The number of protected areas that restrict or prohibit harvest of wild populations is growing. In general, protected areas are expected to increase the abundance of previously‐harvested species. Whether a protected area achieves this expectation is typically evaluated by assessing trends in…

Plastic pollution is killing marine megafauna, but how do we prioritize policies to reduce mortality?

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Lauren Roman, Qamar Schuyler, Chris Wilcox, Britta Hardesty
  • Pollution by plastic and other debris is a problem affecting the world’s oceans and is increasing through time. The problem is so large that prioritizing solutions to effect meaningful change may seem overwhelming to the public and policy makers. Marine megafauna are known to mistakenly eat…

Illegal fisheries, environmental crime, and the conservation of marine resources

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Eréndira Aceves‐Bueno, Andrew Read, Miguel Cisneros‐Mata
  • The illegal harvest of marine species within exclusive economic zones can have a strong impact on the function of local ecosystems and livelihoods of coastal communities. The complexity of these problems is often overlooked in the development of solutions, leading to…

Linear infrastructure habitats increase landscape-scale diversity of plants but not of flower-visiting insects

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Juliana Dániel-Ferreira, Riccardo Bommarco, Jörgen Wissman, Erik Öckinger 
  • Habitats along linear infrastructure, such as roads and electrical transmission lines, can have high local biodiversity. We hypothesize that the higher number of plant species in landscapes with power line corridors is due to… 

The environmental impacts of palm oil in context

  • Source: Nature Plants
  • Author(s): Erik Meijaard et al.
  • Oil palm expansion’s direct contribution to regional tropical deforestation varies widely, ranging from an estimated 3% in West Africa to 50% in Malaysian Borneo. Oil palm is also implicated in peatland draining and burning in Southeast Asia. Documented negative environmental impacts from such expansion include…

Social value shift in favour of biodiversity conservation in the United States

  • Source: Nature Sustainability 
  • Author(s): Michael Manfredo, Tara Teel, Richard Berl, Jeremy Bruskotter, Shinobu Kitayama 
  • Global biodiversity loss is indicative of the massive influence of human activity that defines the Anthropocene. Some scholars argue that changes in behaviour at the scale necessary to address this crisis will require wholesale change in cultural values. However, evidence is lacking on whether values are shifting…

Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink

  • Source: Nature Climate Change
  • Author(s): J. Loisel et al.
  • The carbon balance of peatlands is predicted to shift from a sink to a source this century. However, peatland ecosystems are still omitted from the main Earth system models that are used for future climate change projections and they are not considered in integrated assessment models…

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