Academic Articles Feb. 3

Source: Native Species or Invasive? The Distinction Blurs as the World Warms

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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  • Anthropogenic impact on the atmospheric microbiome
    • Source: Nature Microbiology
    • Author(s): Stephen D. J. Archer, Stephen B. Pointing 
    • The atmosphere has undergone extensive physico-chemical change due to anthropogenic emissions. The impact on the ecology of the atmospheric microbiome has so far not been considered. Here, we define the scope of change to the atmosphere and identify potential microbial responses.
  • Climatic and local stressor interactions threaten tropical forests and coral reefs
    • Source: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
    • Author(s): Filipe M. França et al.
    • A combination of climate change, extreme weather and pressure from local human activity is causing a collapse in global biodiversity and ecosystems across the tropics, new research shows. The study mapped over 100 locations where tropical forests and coral reefs have been affected by climate extremes…
  • Success and failure of ecological management is highly variable in an experimental test
    • Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    • Author(s): Easton R. White, Kyle Cox, Brett A. Melbourne, Alan Hastings
    • What do we really know about reasons attributed to the success or failure of wildlife management efforts? A new study suggests a disquieting answer: much less than we think. A new study finds that ecological systems might contain a lot of inherent randomness that makes them difficult to manage.
  • Why do several small patches hold more species than few large patches?
    • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
    • Author(s): Lenore Fahrig
    • The principle that a single large habitat patch should hold more species than several small patches totalling the same area (SL > SS) is used by conservation agencies to favour protection of large, contiguous areas. Previous reviews of empirical studies have found the opposite,…
  • Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic
    • Source: Nature Climate Change
    • Author(s): Isla H. Myers-Smith, Jeffrey T. Kerby, Sonja Wipf
    • As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to global climate change
  • On the functional relationship between biodiversity and economic value
    • Source: Science Advances
    • Author(s): Carola Paul et al.
    • A group of researchers under the direction of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are studying the economic benefits that farmers and foresters can obtain by focusing on several species instead of just one. The benefits that biodiversity brings to society are also being studied in an extensive literature review.
  • Scaling‐up biodiversity‐ecosystem functioning research
    • Source: Ecology Letters
    • Author(s): Andrew Gonzalez et al
    • A rich body of knowledge links biodiversity to ecosystem functioning (BEF), but it is primarily focused on small scales. We review the current theory and identify six expectations for scale dependence in the BEF relationship…

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