Academic Articles February 10th

Source: The case for nature

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Identifying the possibilities and pitfalls of conducting IUCN Red List assessments from remotely sensed habitat information based on insights from poorly known Cuban mammals

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Clare Duncan, Monika Böhm, Samuel Turvey
  • The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species (RLS) is the key global tool for objective, repeatable assessment of species’ extinction risk status and plays an essential role in tracking biodiversity loss and guiding conservation action…

Water wars

  • Source: Nature Climate Change
  • Author(s): Bronwyn Wake 
  • The potential for water resource scarcity to lead to conflict, particularly between nations, is the question Michael T. Klare of Hampshire College, Amherst, USA, considers by examining the available research…

Metabolomic signatures of coral bleaching history

  • Source: Nature Economy & Evolution
  • Author(s): Ty Roach et al.
  • Coral bleaching has a profound impact on the health and function of reef ecosystems, but the metabolomic effects of coral bleaching are largely uncharacterized. This work provides insight into the biochemical mechanisms of coral bleaching and presents a valuable new tool for resilience-based reef restoration…

Impacts of multiple pollutants on pollinator activity in road verges

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Benjamin Phillips et al.
  • To tackle pollinator declines, there is a major need to increase the quantity of flower‐rich habitats. Road verges offer one such opportunity but are exposed to diverse forms of pollution from roads and road traffic. To inform management decisions, we carried out a broad initial assessment…

Butterflies are weakly protected in a mega-populated country, Bangladesh

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Shawan Chowdhury et al.
  • Protected areas have been established around the world to preserve samples of biodiversity from pressing threats. Yet the adequacy of protected area systems in many tropical nations is poorly understood, and assessments are usually focused on vertebrates. We model 246 butterfly species…

Corridors as a tool for linking habitats – shortcomings and perspectives for plant conservation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Eliane Travers, Werner Härdtle, Diethart Matthies
  • Habitat fragmentation and isolation are considered important causes of biodiversity loss in cultural landscapes. We summarise the current knowledge on the potential benefits and limitations of corridors for reducing the negative effects of habitat fragmentation on plant populations…

The effects of afforestation tree species mixing on soil organic carbon stock, nutrients accumulation, and understory vegetation diversity on reclaimed coastal lands in Eastern China

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Hongtao Xie, Yu Tang, Mukui Yu, Geoff Wang
  • Establishing mixed-species plantations on the reclaimed coastal lands has become a new paradigm in forest management in China, because it increases the provision of ecosystem services. However, the mixing effects of trees with different identities remain largely understudied…

Conserving ecological functions of frog communities in Borneo requires diverse forest landscapes

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Maximilian Dehling, Matthias Dehling
  • We studied frog communities in lowland rainforest in Malaysian Borneo and compared the species composition and functional-trait composition of different habitat types (alluvial forest, limestone forest, kerangas)…

Low-cost electric fencing for peaceful coexistence: An analysis of human-wildlife conflict mitigation strategies in smallholder agriculture

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Arndt Feuerbacher, Christian Lippert, Jamyang Kuenzang, Kiran Subedi
  • With a growing global population, human-wildlife conflicts are intensifying and cost-effective mitigation strategies to conserve biodiversity and support rural livelihoods become increasingly relevant. This article presents evidence on how low-cost electric fencing technology can contribute to coexistence…

Trophic interactions regulate peatland carbon cycling

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Kevin Wyatt, Kevin McCann, Allison Rober, Merritt Turetsky
  • Our understanding of peatland carbon cycling is based entirely on bottom‐up controls regulated by low nutrient availability. Here, we used a combination of nutrient enrichment and trophic‐level manipulation to test the hypothesis that interactions between nutrient availability (bottom‐up) and predation (top‐down) influence peatland carbon fluxes…

Range dynamics mediated by compensatory life stage responses to experimental climate manipulations

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Meagan Oldfather, Michael Koontz, Daniel Doak, David Ackerly
  • We investigated the effects of climate manipulations on population dynamics in nine populations spanning the range of an alpine plant. We find evidence for inverse responses of different life‐history transitions to the climate manipulations, leading to negligible or negative effects on population stability….

A global phylogeny of turtles reveals a burst of climate-associated diversification on continental margins

  • Source: PNAS
  • Author(s): Robert Thomson, Phillip Spinks, Bradley Shaffer
  • Living turtles are characterized by extraordinarily low species diversity given their age. The clade’s extensive fossil record indicates that climate and biogeography may have played important roles in determining their diversity. We investigated this hypothesis by collecting a molecular dataset for 591 individual turtles… and used it to jointly estimate phylogeny and divergence times…

Evaluating institutional fit for the conservation of threatened species

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): A. Guerrero  I. Sporne, R. McKenna, K. Wilson
  • Recovery and conservation of threatened species require adequate institutional responses. We test an approach to systematically identifying and measuring how the institutional framework acknowledges threats and required responses for the recovery of endangered species…

Threatened bird species are concentrated in regions with less historical human impacts

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Xueting Yang, Shicheng Li, Alice Hughes, Gang Feng
  • Previous human activities have a lasting influence on modern biodiversity patterns, especially on the distribution of threatened species. This study is the first attempt to test the associations between distribution of proportion of threatened bird species and anthropogenic activities…

Attracting investment for Africa’s protected areas by creating enabling environments for collaborative management partnerships

  • Source: Biological Conservation 
  • Author(s): P. Lindsey et al.
  • Africa’s Protected Area (PA) estate includes some of the world’s most iconic wildlife and wildlands and preserves ecosystem services upon which people depend. We look at the potential for collaborative management partnerships between state wildlife agencies and NGOs to improve PA performance…

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