Academic Articles February 17th

Source: National Biodiversity Plan has failed to halt loss of nature

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Global progress in incorporating climate adaptation into land protection for biodiversity since Aichi targets

  • Source: Global Change Biology
  • Author(s): Luis Carrasco, Monica Papeş, Kimberly Sheldon, Xingli Giam
  •  We conducted the first global‐extent, country‐level assessment of the contribution of protected area network expansion toward three key land prioritization approaches for biodiversity persistence under climate change: protecting climate refugia, protecting abiotic diversity, and increasing connectivity…

Knowledge production for target-based biodiversity governance

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Shannon Hagerman, Lisa Campbell, Noella Gray, Ricardo Pelai
  • Targets have become a key approach for governing biodiversity including within the Convention on Biological Diversity. We find widespread support for target-based governance in the scientific literature. The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework is a timely opportunity to reflect on the role of targets…

A forest loss report card for the world’s protected areas

  • Source: Nature Ecology and Evolution
  • Author(s): Christopher Wolf, Taal Levi, William Ripple, Diego Zárrate-Charry, Matthew Betts 
  • Overall, protected areas did not eliminate deforestation, but reduced deforestation rates by 41%. Critically, we found that after adjusting for effectiveness, only 6.5%—rather than 15.7%—of the world’s forests are protected, well below the Aichi Convention on Biological Diversity’s 2020 Target of 17%… 

Climate impacts of U.S. forest loss span net warming to net cooling

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Christopher A. Williams, Huan Gu, Tong Jiao
  • Storing carbon in forests is a leading land-based strategy to curb anthropogenic climate change, but its planetary cooling effect is opposed by warming from low albedo. Using detailed geospatial data, we quantify the net climate effect of losing forest across the conterminous United States…

Safeguarding freshwater life beyond 2020: Recommendations for the new global biodiversity framework from the European experience

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Charles van Rees et al.
  • We synthesize these topics with decades of first‐hand experience and recent literature into 14 special recommendations for global freshwater biodiversity conservation based on the successes and setbacks of European policy, management, and research…

Vulnerability of global biodiversity hotspots to climate change

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Brittany Trew, Ilya Maclean
  • More than half of Earth’s species are contained in a mere 1.4% of its land area, but the climates of many of these biodiversity hotspots are projected to disappear as a consequence of anthropogenic climate change. We outline why these features of hotspots are crucial to understanding the impacts of anthropogenic climate change and discuss…

Optimal fishing effort benefits fisheries and conservation

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Adam Rees, Emma Sheehan, Martin Attrill 
  • The impacts associated with the most damaging mobile fishing methods are well documented leading to such methods being removed from some partially protected areas. In contrast, the impacts on the ecosystem from static fishing methods, such as pot fishing, are less well understood…

Impacts of wildlife trade on terrestrial biodiversity

  • Source: Nature Ecology and Evolution
  • Author(s): Oscar Morton, Brett Scheffers, Torbjørn Haugaasen, David Edwards 
  • The wildlife trade is worth billions of dollars annually and affects most major taxonomic groups. Despite this, a global understanding of the trade’s impacts on species populations is lacking. We performed a quantitative meta-analysis of the wildlife trade…

Pollinator community species richness dilutes prevalence of multiple viruses within multiple host species

  • Source: Ecology
  • Author(s): Michelle Fearon, Elizabeth Tibbetts
  • Pollinators are a good system to test how community composition influences pathogen spread because pollinator communities are extremely variable and contain several multi‐host pathogens transmitted on shared floral resources. We conducted a field survey of four pollinator species to test the prevalence of three RNA viruses among pollinator communities with variable species richness, abundance, and composition…

Are protected areas well-sited to support species in the future in a major climate refuge and corridor in the United States?

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Gengping Zhu, Monica Papeş, Xingli Giam, Seong-Hoon Cho, Paul Armsworth
  • To help conserve biodiversity in coming decades, protected areas need to be located in places that will be important for species as their ranges shift to track suitable climatic conditions. We examine present and future coverage of species potential ranges by protected areas in the Appalachian Mountains…

Corridors as a tool for linking habitats – Shortcomings and perspectives for plant conservation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Eliane Travers, Werner Härdtle, Diethart Matthies
  • Habitat fragmentation and isolation are considered important causes of biodiversity loss in cultural landscapes. We summarise the current knowledge on the potential benefits and limitations of corridors for reducing the negative effects of habitat fragmentation on plant populations…

Wild and domestic savanna herbivores increase smaller vertebrate diversity, but less than additively

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology 
  • Author(s): Harry Wells et al.
  • Our findings imply that grazing, whether by livestock or wildlife, can enhance local savanna wildlife diversity. The biodiversity benefits of localised increases in herbivory are likely to be due to shortened grass and associated visibility improvements (for predator avoidance/foraging). This suggests…

A conservation genomics workflow to guide practical management actions.

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Maurizio Rossetto et al.
  • Conservation genomics should be considered a critical initial step in the management of threatened species. We present a simple workflow that can answer multiple management questions with one single sampling event…

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