Academic Articles January 5

Source: Five big questions for 2022

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Biodiversity and ecosystem functions depend on environmental conditions and resources rather than the geodiversity of a tropical biodiversity hotspot

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Christine I. B. Wallis et al.
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem functions are highly threatened by global change. It has been proposed that geodiversity can be used as an easy-to-measure surrogate of biodiversity to guide conservation management. However, so far, there is mixed evidence to what extent geodiversity can predict biodiversity…

Wilderness forms and their implications for global environmental policy and conservation

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Katharina-Victoria Pérez-Hämmerle et al.
  • With the intention of securing industry-free land and seascapes, protecting ‘wilderness’ entered international policy as a formal target for the first time in the zero-draft of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Given this increased prominence…

Effects of labeling on wildlife conservation education

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Li Zheng et al.
  • Since illegal wildlife trade poses challenges to biodiversity and public security, improving people’s wildlife conservation through environmental education has become an important issue. This study analyzes the intervention effect of labeling in wildlife conservation education and explores…

How are biodiversity and carbon stock recovered during tropical forest restoration? Supporting the ecological paradigms and political context involved

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Carolina M. da Rosa and Marcia C.M. Marques
  • To meet agendas for biodiversity conservation and mitigation of climate change, large-scale restoration initiatives propose ecological restoration as an alternative that can reconcile these two objectives. In ongoing ecosystem restoration, increased diversity is always associated with increased productivity…

Connectivity of priority areas for the conservation of large carnivores in northern Mexico

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Ángel Balbuena-Serrano et al.
  • Puma, jaguar, and American black bear are the largest carnivores in northern Mexico. We identified priority areas and corridors for the conservation of these carnivores. We identified areas where habitat could be lost, threatening connectivity between them…

Congruence between global crop wild relative hotspots and biodiversity hotspots

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Holly Vincent et al.
  • Biodiversity is currently experiencing exceptional loss due to the activities of humans, negatively impacting the ecosystem services on which humanity relies. Additionally, human induced climate change is already negatively impacting agriculture worldwide – a trend that will only worsen…

Effects of livestock grazing on biodiversity: a meta-analysis on three trophic levels

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Juan Carlos Huaranca et al.
  • We performed a meta-analysis of the scientific information published in the last 15 years, we selected 67 publications that reported the effects of grazing on the richness, abundance, cover, and biomass of plants (producers), and on richness and abundance of primary and secondary consumers, comparing…

Priorities of action and research for the protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services in continental Ecuador

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): J. Kleemann et al.
  • Ecuador belongs to the megadiverse countries of the world. However, the high diversity in species, ecosystems and their services are under threat by land use changes, invasive species, overexploitation, pollution and climate change. There is a need to monitor, manage, protect and improve biodiversity…

Strategic protection of landslide vulnerable mountains for biodiversity conservation under land-cover and climate change impacts

  • Source: PNAS
  • Author(s): Binbin V. Li et al.
  • Landslides are triggered more often by human-induced changes, such as deforestation, infrastructure building, and increasing precipitation extremes, because of climate change. The huge economic and societal loss calls for a more cost-effective way to reduce risks and ensure sustainable development…

An assessment of spatial conservation priorities for biodiversity attributes: Composition, structure, and function of Neotropical biodiversity

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Jaime Burbano-Girón et al.
  • Given the increasing threats to biodiversity and limited resources for conservation, our knowledge about the uncertainty in surrogates for representing comprehensively the spatial conservation priorities for biodiversity, needs to be improved. We present a comprehensive spatial conservation approach…

The ecological and evolutionary significance of effectiveness landscapes in mutualistic interactions 

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): José María Gómez et al.
  • We propose that the evolutionary history of mutualistic interactions leaves a footprint that can be identified by three properties of the spatial structure of effectiveness values: dispersion of effectiveness values, relative contribution of each component to the effectiveness values and correlation between…

Higher-order effects, continuous species interactions, and trait evolution shape microbial spatial dynamics

  • Source: PNAS
  • Author(s): Anshuman Swain et al.
  • Persistently diverse microbial communities are one of biology’s great puzzles. Using a modeling framework that accommodates high mutation rates and a continuum of species traits, we studied microbial communities in which antagonistic interactions occur via the production of, inhibition of…

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