Academic Articles January 6th

Source: Province should do more to protect dwindling caribou populations, urges Nature Québec

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Identifying key ecosystem service providing areas to inform national-scale conservation planning

  • Source: Environmental Research Letters
  • Author(s): Matthew Mitchell et al.
  • We identified important areas for three ecosystem services currently central to protected area management in Canada—carbon storage, freshwater, and nature-based recreation—and evaluated how these hotspots align with Canada’s current protected areas and resource development tenures…

Are natural disturbances represented in strictly protected areas in Germany?

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Sebastian Brackhane, Albert Reif, Ewa Zin, Christine Schmitt
  • Germany is among the Central European countries with the most advanced wilderness goals. This study aimed to investigate whether habitat types shaped by natural disturbances are mostly red-listed as threatened and require special consideration within systematic conservation planning (SCP)…

Decline in Forest Bird Species and Guilds due to Land Use Change in the Western Himalaya

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Ghazala Shahabuddin, Rajkamal Goswami, Meghna Krishnadas, Tarun Menon
  • Land use change is the most widespread driver of biodiversity loss in densely populated tropical countries. Here we study the effects of land use change on forest bird species and guilds in a human-dominated landscape in the Western Himalaya, India…

Illegal wildlife trade is threatening conservation in the transboundary landscape of Western Himalaya

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Yadav Uprety et al.
  • Although illegal wildlife trade has received attention from the conservation and biological perspectives, there have been few studies on the root causes and socio-economic context influencing this activity. This paper studied illegal wildlife trade in and around the Kailash Sacred Landscape…

Effectiveness of crossings as wildlife passages for mammals in the Yungas of Argentina

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Johan Baechli, Sebastián Albanesi, Laura M.Bellis
  • Irrigation canals are an important cause of wild mammal mortality in the Piedmont forest of the Argentine Yungas. To improve the permeability of this infrastructure, specific wildlife crossings were added to the existing non-wildlife crossings built for other purposes. Here, we identified the mammalian species that use the crossings, determined the global frequency of use of each crossing through a use index, and evaluated the possible predilection of a species for a particular crossing type using species-specific models…

Road-crossings, vegetative cover, land use and poisons interact to influence corridor effectiveness

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Laurel Serieys, Matthew Rogan, Stephani Matsushima, Christopher Wilmers
  • Landscape connectivity is essential to conserving resilient wildlife populations in the Anthropocene. We measured natural and anthropogenic features that influence movement and mortality for bobcats (Lynx rufus) in a system threatened with complete isolation by urbanization… 

Host relatedness and landscape connectivity shape pathogen spread in the puma, a large secretive carnivore

  • Source: Communications Biology
  • Author(s): Nicholas Fountain-Jones et al.
  • Urban expansion can fundamentally alter wildlife movement and gene flow, but how urbanization alters pathogen spread is poorly understood. Here, we combine high resolution host and viral genomic data with landscape variables to examine the context of viral spread in puma…

New App Tracks Black Rhinos through Their Footprints

  • Source: Scientific American 
  • Author(s): Helen Santoro 
  • A recent study describes a new tracking technology that uses smartphones to record rhino footprints. Called the footprint-identification technique (FIT), this system includes software that can analyze the animals’ movements from a distance to help keep them safe from poachers…

Future projections for terrestrial biomes indicate widespread warming and moisture reduction in forests up to 2100 in South America

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Luciano Anjos, Everaldo de Souza, Calil Amaral,Tassi Igawa, Peter de Toledo
  • Terrestrial biomes are the main reservoirs of biodiversity and CO2 on the planet. In South America, they play a crucial role in climate regulation and biodiversity conservation, but there is still no detailed analysis of trends in surface air temperature and precipitation changes until the end of the 21st century and magnitude of change for South America’s terrestrial biomes…

The Global Ecosystems Monitoring network: Monitoring ecosystem productivity and carbon cycling across the tropics

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Yadvinder Malhi et al.
  • A rich understanding of the productivity, carbon and nutrient cycling of terrestrial ecosystems is essential in the context of the future response of the biosphere to global change… In this paper, we review and synthesize the context, history and recent scientific output from the GEM network…

Topographic diversity as an indicator for resilience of terrestrial protected areas against climate change

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Alexandra Lawrence, Samuel Hoffmann, Carl Beierkuhnlein
  • Protected areas (PAs) are meant to counteract loss and fragmentation of ecosystems and today PAs form the backbone of conservation strategies worldwide. However, anthropogenic climate change can severely reduce the effectiveness of PAs… In this study, we take advantage of openly accessible data on the disappearing climate index (DCI) to examine which PA characteristics are linked to climate change resilience on a global scale…

Deforestation in Forest-Savannah Transition Zone of Ghana; Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Afua Amankwah et al.
  • There has been a continuous decline in forests globally and the forest area of Boabeng Fiema Monkey Sanctuary (BFMS) in Ghana is facing a similar threat. The aim of the study is to determine the different forest cover types and changes in the forest of BFMS…

The impact of near-real-time deforestation alerts across the tropics

  • Source: Nature Climate Change 
  • Author(s): Fanny Moffette, Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Katherine Shea, Amy Pickens 
  • While freely available deforestation alerts on forest loss are available, the effect of these alerts and the presence of subscribers in a particular area is unclear. Here, we show that subscriptions to alerts in 22 tropical countries decrease the probability of deforestation in Africa by 18% relative to the average 2011–2016 levels…

Resilience of Tropical Ecosystems to Ocean Deoxygenation

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution 
  • Author(s): Andrew Altieri, Maggie Johnson, Sara Swaminathan, Hannah Nelson, Keryn Gedan
  • The impacts of ocean deoxygenation on biodiversity and ecosystem function are well established in temperate regions, and here we illustrate how the study of hypoxia in tropical ecosystems can offer insights of general importance…

Ocean forcing drives glacier retreat in Greenland

  • Source: Science Advances 
  • Author(s): Michael Wood et al.
  • The retreat and acceleration of Greenland glaciers since the mid-1990s have been attributed to the enhanced intrusion of warm Atlantic Waters (AW) into fjords, but this assertion has not been quantitatively tested on a Greenland-wide basis or included in models. Here, we investigate how AW influenced retreat at 226 marine-terminating glaciers using ocean modeling, remote sensing, and in situ observations…

Metabolomic shifts associated with heat stress in coral holobionts

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Amanda Williams et al.
  • Understanding the response of the coral holobiont to environmental change is crucial to inform conservation efforts. The most pressing problem is “coral bleaching,” usually precipitated by prolonged thermal stress. We used untargeted, polar metabolite profiling to investigate the physiological response of the coral species Montipora capitata and Pocillopora acuta to heat stress…

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