Academic Articles July 13

Source: Six in 10 Fish Species Could Face Reproductive Failure As Temperatures Rise, Study Finds

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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The Effectiveness of Forest Conservation Policies and Programs 

  • Source: Annual Review of Resource Economics
  • Author(s): Jan Börner, Dario Schulz, Sven Wunder, Alexander Pfaff
  • The world’s forests provide valuable contributions to people but continue to be threatened by agricultural expansion and other land uses. Counterfactual-based methods are increasingly used to evaluate forest conservation initiatives. 

Biodiversity Conservation and the Earth System: Mind the Gap

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Ken Norris, Andrew Terry, James P. Hansford, Samuel T. Turvey
  • One of the most striking human impacts on global biodiversity is the ongoing depletion of large vertebrates from terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Recent work suggests this loss of megafauna can affect processes at biome or Earth system scales with potentially serious impacts on ecosystem structure…

Changes in phytoplankton concentration now drive increased Arctic Ocean primary production

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): K. M. Lewis, G. L. van Dijken, K. R. Arrigo
  • Scientists find the growth of phytoplankton in the Arctic Ocean has increased 57 percent over just two decades, enhancing its ability to soak up carbon dioxide. While once linked to melting sea ice, the increase is now propelled by rising concentrations of tiny algae.

A growing pandemic: A review of Nosema parasites in globally distributed domesticated and native bees

  • Source: PLOS Pathogens
  • Author(s): Arthur C. Grupe II, C. Alisha Quandt
  • There is growing evidence that another ‘pandemic’ has been infecting bees around the world for the past two decades, and is spreading: a fungal pathogen known as Nosema.

Opinion: Midwater ecosystems must be considered when evaluating environmental risks of deep-sea mining

  • Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • Author(s): Jeffrey C. Drazen et al.
  • A new study argues that deep-sea mining poses significant risks, not only to the area immediately surrounding mining operations but also to the water hundreds to thousands of feet above the seafloor, threatening vast midwater ecosystems. Further, the scientists suggest how these risks could be evaluated…

Increasing dependence of lowland populations on mountain water resources

  • Source: Nature Sustainability
  • Author(s): Daniel Viviroli, Matti Kummu, Michel Meybeck, Marko Kallio, Yoshihide Wada 
  • Global water consumption has increased almost fourfold in the past 100 years, and many regions can only meet their water demand thanks to essential contributions from mountain regions. In 30 years, almost a quarter of the world’s lowland population will strongly depend on runoff from the mountains. Only…

Projections of extreme ocean waves in the Arctic and potential implications for coastal inundation and erosion

  • Source: JGR Oceans
  • Author(s): Mercé Casas‐Prat, Xiaolan L. Wang
  • Extreme ocean surface waves with a devastating impact on coastal communities and infrastructure in the Arctic may become larger due to climate change, according to a new study.

Global socio-economic losses and environmental gains from the Coronavirus pandemic

  • Source: PLOS One
  • Author(s): Manfred Lenzen et al. 
  • How is COVID-19 impacting people and the planet and what are the implications for a post-pandemic world? A new study quantifies the socio-economic losses and environmental gains.

The impact of interventions in the global land and agri‐food sectors on Nature’s Contributions to People and the UN Sustainable Development Goals

  • Source: Global Change Biology
  • Author(s): Pamela McElwee et al.
  • How can some of world’s biggest problems — climate change, food security and land degradation — be tackled simultaneously? Some lesser-known options, such as integrated water management and increasing the organic content of soil, have fewer trade-offs than many well-known options, such as planting…

Rigorous wildlife disease surveillance

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Mrinalini Watsa, Wildlife Disease Surveillance Focus Group
  • Researchers propose a decentralized, global wildlife biosurveillance system to identify — before the next pandemic emerges — animal viruses that have the potential to cause human disease.

Pandemics and the global environment

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Kip Hodges, Jeremy Jackson
  • Dramatic, short-term improvements in the global environment have accompanied the COVID-19 pandemic. Intrigued by these observations, we commissioned a series of papers for Science Advances dedicated to studies of pandemics from an environmental perspective.

Assisted species migration and hybridization to conserve cold‐adapted plants under climate change

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Kimberly Charles, Ivana Stehlik
  • The temperature rise due to climate change is rendering many arctic and alpine plants at risk of extinction because their ability to react is outpaced by the speed of climate change. We discuss assisted species migration (ASM) and hybridization as methods to conserve cold‐adapted species…

A systemic approach to assess the potential and risks of wildlife culling for infectious disease control

  • Source: Communications Biology
  • Author(s): Eve Miguel et al.
  • Host culling is a potential control strategy for animal diseases. However, the reduction in biodiversity and increasing public concerns regarding the involved ethical issues have progressively challenged the use of wildlife culling.

Nature as a Community Health Tool: The Case for Healthcare Providers and Systems

  • Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
  • Author(s): Eugenia C. South, Michelle C. Kondo, Nooshin Razani
  • Nature is a tool to address deeply entrenched health disparities; health systems should work to increase nature access, as they have with other social determinants of health.

Traditional knowledge and the BBNJ instrument

  • Source: Marine Policy
  • Author(s): Clement Yow Mulalap et al.
  • Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) are the holders of a vast amount of traditional knowledge of the ocean and its resources. In this article, we discuss the potential…

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