Academic Articles July 14

Source: UN sets out Paris-style plan to cut extinction rate by factor of 10

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

Sign up for our newsletter to receive this news in your inbox.

Amazonia as a carbon source linked to deforestation and climate change

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Luciana V. Gatti et al.
  • Amazonia hosts the Earth’s largest tropical forests and has been shown to be an important carbon sink over recent decades. This carbon sink seems to be in decline, however, as a result of factors such as deforestation and climate change. Here we investigate Amazonia’s carbon budget and the main drivers…

Effectiveness and design of marine protected areas for migratory species of conservation concern: A case study of post-nesting hawksbill turtles in Brazil

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Armando J.B. Santos et al.
  • Marine protected areas (MPAs) are among the most widely used strategy to protect marine ecosystems and are typically designed to protect specific habitats rather than a single and/or multiple species. To inform the conservation of species of conservation concern there is the need to assess whether…

Global Biodiversity Implications of Alternative Electrification Strategies Under the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Ryan A. McManamay, Chris R. Vernon and Henriette I. Jager
  • Addressing climate mitigation while meeting global electrification goals will require major transitions from fossil-fuel dependence to large-scale renewable energy deployment. However, renewables require significant land assets per unit energy and could come at high cost to ecosystems…

The value of unprotected land for future conservation efforts under dynamic conditions

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Monica Lanzas et al.
  • Landscape dynamics pose substantial challenges to biodiversity conservation and could compromise the future effectiveness of protected areas (PAs). Multiple interacting drivers of landscape dynamics, including land-cover change, wildfire, and climate change, are usually studied separately.

Bending the curve: Operationalizing national Red Lists to customize conservation actions to reduce extinction risk

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Magni Olsen Kyrkjeeide 
  • Human activity is accelerating biodiversity loss despite international commitments to prevent extinction and habitat degradation. To bend the curve, international goals must be translated into national targets and actions. Tools to do this are highly needed, but scarce. We present a first attempt to…

Freshwater reserves for fisheries conservation and enhancement of a widespread migratory fish

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Andrew S. Watson, Michael J. H. Hickford and David R. Schiel
  • As management tools, freshwater reserves are under-represented in protected area networks for fisheries conservation and enhancement. This is surprising considering that freshwater ecosystems, and the biodiversity they support, are among the most threatened worldwide. We compared freshwater…

Species loss due to nutrient addition increases with spatial scale in global grasslands

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Eric W. Seabloom et al.
  • The effects of altered nutrient supplies and herbivore density on species diversity vary with spatial scale, because coexistence mechanisms are scale dependent. We analyzed the effects of experimental manipulations of nutrient supply and herbivore density on species richness across a range of scales…

The blue carbon wealth of nations

  • Source: Nature Climate Change
  • Author(s): Christine Bertram et al.
  • Carbon sequestration and storage in mangroves, salt marshes and seagrass meadows is an essential coastal ‘blue carbon’ ecosystem service for climate change mitigation. Here we offer a comprehensive, global and spatially explicit economic assessment of carbon sequestration and storage in three coastal ecosystem types…

Redefining and Mapping Global Irreplaceability

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): D. Baisero, R. Schuster and A. J. Plumptre
  • Irreplaceability is a concept that describes how close a site is to being essential for achieving conservation targets. Currently available methods for measuring irreplaceability are based on representative combinations of sites, giving them an ‘extrinsic’ nature, and exponential computational…

Climate change may induce connectivity loss and mountaintop extinction in Central American forests

  • Source: Communications Biology
  • Author(s): Lukas Baumbach et al.
  • The tropical forests of Central America serve a pivotal role as biodiversity hotspots and provide ecosystem services securing human livelihood. However, climate change is expected to affect the species composition of forest ecosystems, lead to forest type transitions and trigger irrecoverable losses…

Strengthening the development dimensions in the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

  • Source: IIED
  • Author(s): Johannah Bernstein et al.
  • The post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) will be a major milestone in global agreements on biodiversity conservation, setting international ambition for the next decade. This guide seeks to support Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) who wish to see strengthened provisions…

Post Archives