Academic Articles July 27

Source: Nature and business can boost each other, reports find

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Guidelines for conserving connectivity through ecological networks and corridors

  • Source: IUCN Library System
  • Author(s): Jodi Hilty et al.
  • Connectivity conservation is essential for managing healthy ecosystems, conserving biodiversity and adapting to climate change across all biomes and spatial scales. Well-connected ecosystems support a diversity of ecological functions such as migration, hydrology, nutrient cycling, pollination…

Emerging diseases, livestock expansion and biodiversity loss are positively related at global scale

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Serge Morand
  • Infectious diseases, biodiversity loss and livestock expansion are increasing globally, and examining patterns that link them is important for both public health and conservation. 

Infectious disease and emergency conservation interventions

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Andrew Peters, Anna Meredith, Lee Skerratt, Scott Carver, Shane Raidal
  • Primum non nocere —first do no harm—is a familiar idiom in medicine and valuable advice for those involved in planning and undertaking intensive conservation interventions in conservation emergencies such as Australia’s bushfires. 

Incorporating social-ecological complexities into conservation policy

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Peadar Brehony, Peter Tyrrell, John Kamanga, Lucy Waruingi, Dickson Kaelo
  • In the process of developing new conservation policies, policymakers must have access to information which will inform their decisions. Evidence rarely considers the complexities of social-ecological systems.

Frankenstein’s work or everyday conservation? How reintroductions are informing the de-extinction debate

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Sarah E. Dalrymple, Sandrine Godefroid, Simone Orsenigo, Thomas Abeli
  • How reintroductions are informating the de-extinction debate…

Conserving biodiversity through offsets? Findings from an empirical study on conservation banking

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Marie Grimm
  • Biodiversity offsets are used internationally to compensate for impacts on the environment, but research on the effectiveness of this instrument in conserving biodiversity is scarce. 

Integrating agroecological production in a robust post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Thomas C. Wanger et al.
  • Humans depend on farming for their survival but this activity takes up more than one-third of the world’s landmass and endangers 62% of all threatened species. 

Trade‐offs between biodiversity and agriculture are moving targets in dynamic landscapes

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Leandro Macchi et al.
  • Schemes to mitigate agriculture–biodiversity trade–offs, such as land sparing or sharing, must consider landscape context. Strategies that are identified based on a snapshot of data risk failure in dynamic landscapes…

Characterizing multispecies connectivity across a transfrontier conservation landscape

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): A. Brennan et al.
  • Connectivity conservation is aimed at sustaining animal movements and ecological processes important to ecosystem functioning and the maintenance of biodiversity. 

Environmental DNA allows upscaling spatial patterns of biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Luca Carraro, Elvira Mächler, Remo Wüthrich, Florian Altermatt 
  • Biodiversity and thus the state of river ecosystems can now be predicted by combining environmental DNA with hydrological methods, researchers have found. Using the river Thur as an example, the approach allows areas requiring conservation to be identified in order to initiate protective measures.

Antarctica’s wilderness fails to capture continent’s biodiversity

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Rachel I. Leihy et al.
  • Using a data set of 2.7 million human activity records, the team showed just how extensive human use of Antarctica has been over the last 200 years.

Global status and conservation potential of reef sharks

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): M. Aaron MacNeil et al.
  • A massive global study of the world’s reefs has found sharks are ‘functionally extinct’ on nearly one in five of the reefs surveyed.

Evaluating scenarios toward zero plastic pollution

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Winnie Y. W. Lau et al.
  • A new analysis finds that without immediate and sustained action, the annual flow of plastic into the ocean could nearly triple by 2040. 

Mātauranga Māori in geomorphology: existing frameworks, case studies, and recommendations for incorporating Indigenous knowledge in Earth science

  • Source: Earth Surface Dynamics
  • Author(s): Clare Wilkinson, Daniel C. H. Hikuroa, Angus H. Macfarlane, Matthew W. Hughes
  • Insights from bicultural research can enhance practical applications from a palaeotsunami database to land-use decisions, according to a new review.

The Conservation of Terrestrial Habitat and Landscape

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Fred Van Dyke, Rachel L. Lamb
  • Conservation is a geographic problem because one of the greatest threats to biodiversity is habitat loss and fragmentation.

Conservation Through Ecosystem Management

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Fred Van Dyke, Rachel L. Lamb
  • Only if we can comprehend and envision the entity we are trying to shape as a dynamic whole can we have any hope of dealing with it creatively.

The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Li Shuen et al.
  • The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is the largest infrastructure development in human history. Given its scale of influence and infrastructure undertakings, it is set to bring far-reaching environmental impacts…

Evaluating and systematically improving the European Union’s nature protection network towards current and potential ecoregion representation targets

  • Source: PhD Thesis, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg
  • Author(s): A. Müller
  • In October 2020, the signatories of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) need to adopt a new global strategy for biodiversity protection. With biodiversity loss ongoing, scientists demand ambitious…

Role of protected areas in climate change mitigation, adaptation and disaster risk reduction

  • Source: Climate Action
  • Author(s): R. Smith et al. 
  • The world is facing two inter-connected global crises – the climate crisis and loss of biodiversity. Both  have profound implications for human well-being, require urgent action and neither can be solved without attention to the other…

Cost-effective priorities for the expansion of global terrestrial protected areas: Setting 2 post-2020 global and national targets

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Rui Yang et al.
  • Biodiversity loss is a social and ecological emergency, and calls have been made for the global expansion of protected areas (PAs) to tackle this crisis. It is unclear, however, where best to locate new PAs to protect biodiversity cost-effectively. To answer this question, we conducted a spatial meta-analysis…

Build up conservation research capacity in China for biodiversity governance

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Peng-Fei Fan, Li Yang, Yang Liu, Tien Ming Lee 
  • To achieve the grand vision of ‘Ecological Civilization’ and to build a more sustainable Belt and Road Initiative, China’s conservation policies must be underpinned by research. However, recent institutional and vertebrate conservation scientists’ publication data suggest that China has a growing…

Indigenous Peoples are critical to the success of nature-based solutions to climate change

  • Source: FACETS
  • Author(s): Justine Townsend, Faisal Moola, Mary-Kate Craig
  • Nature-based solutions (NbS) to climate change mitigation—such as ecosystem protection or conservation, improved forest management practices, as well as afforestation—can significantly reduce global net emissions…

Global targets that reveal the social–ecological interdependencies of sustainable development

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Belinda Reyers, Elizabeth R. Selig
  • This Perspective uses a social–ecological systems framework to make recommendations for global targets that capture the interdependencies of biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainable development to inform the Convention on Biological Diversity post-2020 process and the future of the UN’s Sustainable…

How Canada hamburger manufactured” its way to marine protected area success and a more effective and equitable way forward for the post-2020 conservation agenda

  • Source: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
  • Author(s): Christopher J. Lemieux, Paul A. Gray 
  • In Canada, the establishment of various forms of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and the reclassification of fishery closures as “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs) from 2017 to 2020 resulted in the largest and most rapid increase in declared protected “area” in the history of the country.

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