Academic Articles July 28

Source: Biodiversity needs every tool in the box: use OECMs

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Identifying and Prioritizing Aquatic Habitats for Conservation in a Poorly Studied Region

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Mohammed A. Al-Saffar et al.
  • Setting conservation priorities is an important step when resources are finite. In developing countries such as Iraq, information about aquatic habitats is quite limited and prioritizing such habitats for conservation requires a multidisciplinary approach to utilize available types of data efficiently…

Evaluating Public Interest in Protected Areas using Wikipedia Page Views

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Jhonatan Guedes-Santos et al.
  • Protected Areas (PAs) are the cornerstone of global conservation action and the most effective strategy for conserving the Earth’s biodiversity. Nevertheless, there is evidence that PAs are increasingly viewed by politicians and policy-makers as opportunity costs that constrain economic development…

A big leap forward for Afrotheria conservation in South Africa: a new Environmental Screening Tool ensures cryptic species of conservation concern are not overlooked during the Environmental Impact Assessment process

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Oliver S. Cowan et al.
  • South Africa is home to 17 of the 21 currently described Golden Moles, of which 16 are endemic and 10 listed as either Vulnerable, Endangered, or Critically Endangered according to the IUCN regional Red List. As such, ensuring adequate conservation of Afrotheria within the country is paramount…

Multi-taxa environmental DNA inventories reveal distinct taxonomic and functional diversity in urban tropical forest fragments

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Julian Donald et al.
  • Urban expansion and associated habitat transformation drives shifts in biodiversity, with declines in taxonomic and functional diversity. Forests fragments within urban landscapes offer a number of ecosystem services, and help to maintain biodiversity and ecosystem functions…

Livestock limits snow leopard’s space use by suppressing its prey, blue sheep, at Gongga Mountain, China

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Chuangming Yang et al.
  • The habitats of snow leopards (Panthera uncia) are heavily utilized as pasturelands on the Tibetan Plateau. Livestock can benefit the snow leopard populations via providing extra prey resources. However, livestock can negatively impact upon the distribution of snow leopards… 

Conservation status of Southeast Asian natural habitat estimated using Galliformes spatio-temporal range decline

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Tommaso Savini et al.
  • Southeast Asia has arguably the highest biodiversity loss due to the high deforestation rate and hunting pressure. In the region, 55 species of the family Phasianidae can be found in all available land habitats from lowland plains up to high-elevation mountainous areas…

Using leading and lagging indicators for forest restoration

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Liz Ota et al. 
  • Leading indicators complement lagging indicators and can be used in forest restoration beyond monitoring and evaluation. Indicators can also be used in the design, adaptive management and reporting of restoration interventions. Leading indicators can be used to identify issues…

Proximity to natural habitat and flower plantings increases insect populations and pollination services in South African apple orchards

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Fabrizia Ratto et al.
  • Introducing areas of wildflower vegetation within crop fields has been shown to enhance pollinator activity and pollination services to crops, and findings in Europe showed an interaction effect between floral treatments and landscape context. Natural fynbos patches in the South African…

Testing a global standard for quantifying species recovery and assessing conservation impact

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Molly K. Grace et al.
  • Recognizing the imperative to evaluate species recovery and conservation impact, in 2012 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) called for development of a “Green List of Species”. A draft Green Status framework for assessing species’ progress toward recovery…

Biodiversity protection in the 21st century needs intact habitat and protection from overexploitation whether inside or outside parks

  • Source: Conservation letters
  • Author(s): Ray Hilborn and Anthony R. E. Sinclair
  • Biodiversity conservation has now become a primary concern of governments, NGOs, and the public. Recently, both terrestrial and marine conservation have relied on protected areas as the primary tool. Many NGOs and national leaders have supported setting aside 30% of land and oceans as protected areas by 2030…

Certified community forests positively impact human wellbeing and conservation effectiveness and improve the performance of nearby national protected areas

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Robin Loveridge et al.
  • Community forests (CFs) aim to improve human wellbeing and conservation effectiveness, though their performance remains contested. A recent innovation in protected area (PA) governance is to combine CFs with forest certification. We assess (1) the impact of certified CFs on wellbeing and conservation…

The influence of subcolony-scale nesting habitat on the reproductive success of Adélie penguins

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Annie E. Schmidt et al.
  • Group-size variation is common in colonially breeding species, including seabirds, whose breeding colonies can vary in size by several orders of magnitude. Seabirds are some of the most threatened marine taxa and understanding the drivers of colony size variation is more important than ever…

Biodiversity needs every tool in the box: use OECMs

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Georgina G. Gurney et al.
  • Global support is growing for the 30×30 movement – a goal to conserve 30% of the planet by 2030. In May, the G7 group of wealthy nations endorsed the commitment to this target that had been made by more than 50 countries in January. It is likely to be the headline goal when parties to the Convention…

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