Academic Articles July 6

Source: Fewer than 20 extinctions a year: does the world need a single target for biodiversity?

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Using landscape connectivity to predict human-wildlife conflict

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Erin K. Buchholtz, Amanda Stronza, Anna Songhurst, Graham McCulloch, Lee A. Fitzgerald
  • Human-wildlife conflict has serious conservation consequences, both for populations of wildlife and for the people who live alongside them. Connectivity analyses can incorporate species-specific landscape resistance, and therefore have the potential to be used to understand where wildlife moves and causes conflict with people…

Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework must be improved

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Sean Hoban et al
  • The 196 parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will soon agree to a post-2020 global framework for conserving the three elements of biodiversity (genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity) while ensuring sustainable development and benefit sharing. As the most significant global conservation policy mechanism, the new CBD framework has far-reaching consequences…

The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Li Shuen Ng et al
  • The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is the largest infrastructure development in human history. Given its scale of influence and infrastructure undertakings, it is set to bring far-reaching environmental impacts to regions…

Investing in Nature to Transform the Post COVID-19 Economy: A 10-point Action Plan to create a circular bioeconomy devoted to sustainable wellbeing

  • Source: Solutions
  • Author(s): Marc Palahí et al
  • In the last 50 years, the biosphere, upon which humanity depends, has been altered to an unparalleled degree[i]. The current economic model relying on fossil resources and addicted to “growth at all costs” is putting at risk not only life on our planet, but also the world’s economy….

To Achieve Big Wins for Terrestrial Conservation, Prioritize Protection of Ecoregions Closest to Meeting Targets

  • Source: One Earth
  • Author(s): Alienor L.M. Chavenet et al
  • To save species from extinction, conservation is racing to establish new protected areas (PAs) before natural habitats are lost. We thus need a strategy to efficiently allocate conservation resources toward PAs…

Assessing restoration priorities for high-risk ecosystems: An application of the IUCN red list of ecosystems

  • Source: Land Use Policy
  • Author(s): Andrés Etter, Angela Andrade, Cara R. Nelson, Juliana Cortés, Kelly Saavedra
  • Land clearing and ecosystem degradation are primary causes of loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services worldwide, putting at risk sustainable options for Earth and humankind…

Identifying coastal and marine priority areas for conservation in the United Arab Emirates

  • Source: Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Author(s): Emna Ben Lamine et al
  • The waters of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) host a diversity of marine and coastal habitats that are under increasing pressure from multiple anthropogenic activities related to rapid economic growth…

Marine Protected Areas and Area-Based Management in New Zealand

  • Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
  • Author(s): Joanna Mossop
  • New Zealand’s maritime zones cover a very large area. This article explores the extent to which these maritime zones are protected through marine protected areas and area-based management. There are several different types of protection in New Zealand waters, from marine reserves that prohibit…

Going Big in the Pacific

  • Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
  • Author(s): Quentin Hanich, Clive Schofield, Chris Smyth
  • The definition of large-scale marine protected areas in the Pacific Ocean is fundamental to the achievement of global marine conservation targets. The threatened nature of the global ocean is emphasised, the evolution of global spatial targets for marine conservation outlined…

Social impacts of European Protected Areas and policy recommendations

  • Source: Environmental Science & Policy
  • Author(s): Nikoleta Jones, Marigrazia Graziano, Panayiotis G. Dimitrakopoulos
  • Effective designation of Protected Areas (PAs) requires the careful consideration of their social impacts as these are perceived by people. These refer to a variety of issues such as the distribution of power, social equity, social relations…

Marine Protected Areas in South Korea

  • Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
  • Author(s): Young Kil Park, SeoKwoo
  • South Korea has taken steps to achieve the Aichi Target 11 and several pieces of South Korean legislation require the government to make every effort to protect the ocean from pollution and manage conservation consistently…

Area-Based Marine Protection in Canada

  • Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
  • Author(s): Anna-Maria Hubert and Stuart Gray
  • Over the past few years, Canada has achieved significant progress in its efforts to meet its international and domestic commitments to area-based marine protection…

Protected and other conserved areas: ensuring the future of forest biodiversity in a changing climate

  • Source: International Forestry Review
  • Author(s): MacKinnon, K, Richardson, K, MacKinnon, J
  • Biodiversity loss and climate change are two of the greatest environmental challenges of our times and are inextricably interlinked. The most significant drivers of forest and biodiversity loss are habitat loss and fragmentation due to land use changes and overexploitation…

Ecosystem-based metrics provide better targets than explicit extinction targets for biodiversity frameworks

  • Source: Preprint
  • Author(s): Alice Hughes, Huijie Qiao, Michael Orr
  • The post-2020 global biodiversity framework has the potential to shape the future of life on Earth, so great care must be taken in deciding its aims. The failure of all but one of the Aichi Targets requires a rethinking of prior agreements…

Urgent need for an integrated policy framework for biodiversity loss and climate change

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Chris Turney, Anne-Gaelle Ausseil, Linda Broadhurts
  • The international community is failing to fulfil multiple policies that aim to mitigate the impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss…

Addressing the implementation challenge of the global biodiversity framework

  • Source: Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Author(s): Sui C. Phang, Pierre Failler, Peter Bridgewater
  • A Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) is under discussion for the period 2021–2030, which will replace the “Aichi Targets” adopted by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2010. Given the limited success in meeting most of the Aichi Targets, this new framework must adopt a different approach…

Explicit targets and cooperation: regional fisheries management organizations and the sustainable development goals

  • Source: International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
  • Author(s): Bianca Haas, Marcus Haward, Jeffrey McGee, Aysha Fleming
  • This paper aims to assess how RFMOs could contribute to SDG 14 by examining their treaty texts and implementation of conservation and management measures or collaborative networks…

The role of ecosystems in mitigation and management of Covid-19 and other zoonoses

  • Source: Environmental Science & Policy
  • Author(s): Mark Everard, Paul Johnston, David Santillo, Chad Staddona
  • There is rising international concern about the zoonotic origins of many global pandemics. Increasing human-animal interactions are perceived as driving factors in pathogen transfer…

Assessing the current state of ecological connectivity in a large marine protected area system

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Kelsey E. Roberts, Carly N. Cook, Jutta Beher, Eric A. Treml
  • The establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs) is a critical step in ensuring the continued persistence of marine biodiversity. While the area protected within MPAs is growing, the movement of individuals (or larvae) among MPAs, termed connectivity, has only recently been included as an objective…

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