Academic Articles June 15

Source: Indigenous-led conservation signals path forward for Canada’s first marine protected area network

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Assessing the effectiveness of a national protected area network for carnivore conservation

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): J. Terraube, J. Van doninck, P. Helle, M. Cabeza
  • Protected areas (PAs) are essential to prevent further biodiversity loss yet their effectiveness varies largely with governance and external threats. 

The influence of message framing on public beliefs and behaviors related to species reintroduction

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Rebecca M. Niemiec, Samantha Sekar, Mireille Gonzalez, Andrew Mertens
  • Little is known about whether messaging strategies drawing from behavioral science theory may effectively change public attitudes, beliefs, and behavior with regard to biodiversity conservation.

Scientists warn against ‘greenwashing’ of global coastal developments

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): L. B. Firth et al.
  • An international team of scientists has said the artificial structures and reclaimed land that are now commonplace in coastal urban areas all over the world are often poor surrogates for the natural environment they replace.

Between biodiversity conservation and sustainable forest management – A multidisciplinary assessment of the emblematic Białowieża Forest case

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): M. Blicharska et al. 
  • The tension between biodiversity conservation and multipurpose forest management may lead to conflicts. An internationally prominent example is the Białowieża Forest Massif (BFM), an extensive forest complex with high levels of naturalness. 

The impact of pastoral activities on animal biodiversity in Europe: A systematic review meta-analysis

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Ylenia Sartorello et al.
  • Land-use changes, both in terms of land abandonment and intensification, have led to fragmentation and loss of traditional agricultural habitats. Extensive grazing…

Adaptive management in context of MPAs: Challenges and opportunities for implementation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Anthony B. Rouphael
  • Worldwide, MPA practitioners are increasing adopting evidence-based management over anecdote and intuition. One of the most commonly promoted approaches is to monitor the status and trends…

A Call for Mainstreaming Geodiversity in Nature Conservation Research and Praxis

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Abhik Chakraborty, Murray Gray
  • Geodiversity is a concept that seeks to address the relatively under-valued importance of abiotic diversity in conservation and sustainability science. 

Fire and climate change: conserving seasonally dry forests is still possible

  • Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
  • Author(s): Scott L. Stephens et al.
  • The destructive wildfires that occurred recently in the western US starkly foreshadow the possible future of forest ecosystems and human communities in the region. With increases in the area burned by severe wildfire in seasonally dry forests expected to result from climate change, judicious, science‐based…

Conservation implications of disease control

  • Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
  • Author(s): Julia C. Buck  Sara B. Weinstein  Georgia Titcomb  Hillary S. Young
  • Infectious diseases have indelibly altered human history and, in doing so, have shaped the ecology and conservation of the natural world. Attempts to control diseases often result in adverse environmental impacts, including habitat degradation and unintended outcomes such as effects on non‐target species.

Giving GDP a needed ecological companion

  • Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • Author(s): Zhiyun Ouyang et al.
  • To achieve sustainable development, there is a pressing need to move beyond conventional economic measures like gross domestic product (GDP). We develop gross ecosystem product (GEP), a measure that summarizes the value of the contributions of nature to economic activity.

An assessment of vulnerable wildlife, their habitats, and protected areas in the contiguous United States

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Matthew S. Dietz, R. Travis Belote, Josh Gage, Beth A. Hahn
  • We investigated the overlap between suitable habitat for wildlife species of conservation concern and the location of public and private highly protected areas to assess the degree to which current highly protected areas are…

A biodiversity target based on species extinctions

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Mark D. A. Rounsevell et al.
  • Although worldwide loss of biodiversity arising from human activities is widely known, policy has been unable to arrest the decline. Much of this failure can be attributed to a lack of mainstreaming of biodiversity in public policy…

Biodiversity conservation in the Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalayan mountain region of northern Pakistan: Overview of big mammal protection

  • Source: Journal of Mountain Science:
  • Author(s): Humaira Khan, Siddique Ullah Baig
  • The high mountains of northern Pakistan comprise the western section of the Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalayas (HKH) region of South and Central Asia. They are home to some rare and endangered species of fauna and flora which form an important link in the biodiversity of the region as a whole.

We Need to Address the Underlying Ecological Determinants of COVID-19

  • Source: Preprints
  • Author(s): Chris Kenyon
  • The probability of zoonoses, such as the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), emerging is strongly related to remediable factors such as habitat encroachment and trade in wild animals.

Sweden does not meet agreed national and international forest biodiversity targets: A call for adaptive landscape planning

  • Source: Landscape and Urban Planning
  • Author(s): Per Angelstam et al.
  • Using the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Aichi target #11 with its quantitative and qualitative criteria as a normative model, we aim at supporting landscape planning through a pioneering assessment of the extent to which existing amounts and spatial distributions of High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs) meet these criteria.

How to choose the best category for a protected area? A multicriteria analysis method based on ecosystem services conservation

  • Source: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 
  • Author(s): Apoena Calixto Figueiroa, Andre de Souza de Lima, Marinez Eymael Garcia Scherer, Jarbas Bonetti 
  • This study proposes a novel methodology to define protected area (PA) categories based on the analysis of how much a PA can protect important ecosystem services (ESs). PA are important tools to…

Global human influence maps reveal clear opportunities in conserving Earth’s remaining intact terrestrial ecosystems 

  • Source: Global Change Biology
  • Author(s): Jason Riggio et al.
  • Leading up to the Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of the Parties 15, there is momentum around setting bold conservation targets. Yet, it remains unclear how much of Earth’s land area remains without significant human influence and where this land is located.

Ocean Optimism: Moving Beyond the Obituaries in Marine Conservation

  • Source: Annual Review of Marine Science
  • Author(s): Nancy Knowlton
  • While the ocean has suffered many losses, there is increasing evidence that important progress is being made in marine conservation. Examples include striking recoveries of once-threatened species, increasing rates of…

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