Academic Articles June 22

Source: Environmental justice means racial justice, say activists


The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Undergraduate curricula in the USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia: Are we missing the mark on Indigenous Peoples and Parks?

  • Source: Parks
  • Author(s): Chance Finegan 
  • Indigenous peoples’ rights increasingly demand the attention of government agents, including protected area managers in the CANZUS states (Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the USA). Park/Indigenous relations are a fundamental job competency for CANZUS park employees

Perspectives on area‐based conservation and its meaning for future biodiversity policy 

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Nina Bhola et al.
  • During 2021, Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are expected to meet in Kunming, China, to agree on a new global biodiversity framework aimed at halting and reversing biodiversity loss, encouraging the sustainable use of biodiversity, and ensuring the equitable sharing of its benefits.

Nature protection across countries: Do size and power matter?

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Germán Baldi
  • Protected areas are one of the most effective tools for nature conservation. Consequently, almost all countries have agreed to set increasingly demanding goals for the expansion of their protected area systems. However…

Climate change and vessel traffic create networks of invasion in marine protected areas

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Josephine C. Iacarella et al.
  • Our results indicate a high likelihood of marine protected area (MPA) network invasion based on current and future environmental conditions and vectors of spread, and the potential for extensive nonindigenous species distributions within MPAs. Our approach highlights how interacting stressors can exacerbate…

Designing optimal human‐modified landscapes for forest biodiversity conservation

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Víctor Arroyo‐Rodríguez et al.
  • We review key concepts on species responses to landscape disturbances to prioritize management strategies for conservation of forest wildlife. We design optimal landscape scenarios for preserving most forest wildlife and promoting the delivery of goods and services to humans. The proposed scenarios can…

Artificial reefs increase fish abundance in habitat‐limited estuaries

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Heath R. Folpp et al.
  • The increased fish abundance in three estuaries at both artificial reef and natural reef locations shows that purpose‐built artificial reefs can be used in conjunction with restoration/protection of existing natural habitat, to increase estuarine carrying capacity and fish abundance. This may be for…

Disassembled Food Webs and Messy Projections: Modern Ungulate Communities in the Face of Unabating Human Population Growth

  • Source: Frontiers in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Joel Berger, Tshewang Wangchuk, Cristobal Briceno, Alejandro Vila, Joanna E. Lambert
  • Five years before the novel coronavirus ran rampant around the world, saiga antelopes from the steppes of Eurasia experienced their own epidemic.

Urgent need for an integrated policy framework for biodiversity loss and climate change

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Chris Turney, Anne-Gaelle Ausseil, Linda Broadhurst
  • The international community is failing to fulfil multiple policies that aim to mitigate the impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss…

Conserving Primates in the Anthropocene

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Thibaud Gruber
  • Jane Goodall famously left the Chimpanzee Symposium organized in Chicago in 1986 as an activist rather than as a scientist, convinced that she could not continue doing research with her beloved Gombe chimpanzees without protecting them. Nearly 35 years later…

Worldwide effects of non‐native species on species‐area relationships

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Qinfeng Guo, Xiaoyu Cen, Ruiyan Song, Michael L. McKinney, Deli Wang
  • Non-native species have invaded most parts of the world and this process is expected to accelerate. As many naturalized nonnative species are likely to become permanent inhabitants, future species‐area relationships (SARs) should consider nonnative species, either separately or jointly with…

Reconciling multiple counterfactuals when evaluating biodiversity conservation impact in social‐ecological systems

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Joseph W. Bull,  Niels Strange,  Robert J. Smith, Ascelin Gordon
  • When evaluating the impact of a biodiversity conservation intervention, a ‘counterfactual’ is needed, as true experimental controls are typically unavailable. Counterfactuals are possible alternative system trajectories in the absence of an intervention and comparing observed outcomes against…

Land‐use history determines ecosystem services and conservation value in tropical agroforestry

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Dominic Andreas Martin et al.
  • Agroforestry is widely promoted as a potential solution to address multiple UN Sustainable Development Goals, including Zero Hunger, Responsible Consumption and Production, Climate Action, and Life on Land. Nonetheless, agroforests in the tropics often result from direct forest conversions,…

Assessing the effectiveness of a national protected area network for carnivore conservation

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): J. Terraube, J. Van Doninck, P. Helle, M. Cabeza
  • Protected areas (PAs) are essential to prevent further biodiversity loss yet their effectiveness varies largely with governance and external threats.

An assessment of vulnerable wildlife, their habitats, and protected areas in the contiguous United States

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Matthew S. Dietz, R. Travis Belote, Josh Gage, Beth A. Hahn
  • We investigated the overlap between suitable habitat for wildlife species of conservation concern and the location of public and private highly protected areas to assess the degree to which current highly protected areas are providing fine-scale habitat for wildlife species of conservation concern, to explore…

A biodiversity target based on species extinctions

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Mark D. A. Rounsevell et al.
  • With the 2020 target date for the ABTs now upon us, it is critical to define a post-2020 agenda to arrest the loss of biodiversity. This will require a target, underpinned by a clear global goal for biodiversity, that can be readily communicated to galvanize both political will and public support. 

Adaptive management in context of MPAs: Challenges and opportunities for implementation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Anthony B. Rouphael Tony
  • One of the most commonly promoted approaches is to monitor the status and trends of performance indicators and modify management when the status of an indicator is inconsistent with a target. But the challenge with…

COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown as a “Global Human Confinement Experiment” to investigate biodiversity conservation

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Amanda E. Bates, Richard B. Primack, Paula Moraga, Carlos M. Duarte
  • The large human lockdown and its eventual relaxation can be viewed as a Global Human Confinement Experiment. This experiment is a unique opportunity to identify positive and negative effects of human presence and mobility on a range of natural systems, including…

Red list of China’s forest ecosystems: A conservation assessment and protected area gap analysis

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Guoke Chen, Xuan Wang, Keping Ma
  • Although China’s biodiversity is among the world’s richest, a significant part of this diversity is under threat. Based on the distribution of 229 forest formations, we assessed the risk status…

Ecological video monitoring of Marine Protected Areas by underwater cabled surveillance cameras 

  • Source: Marine Policy
  • Author(s): J. Aguzzi et al.
  • This paper describes the use, and provide the initial results of a continuous time-lapse image monitoring system, cabled with underwater cameras located in…
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