Academic Articles March 17

Source: The fight for the Galápagos: ecologists seek bigger reserve as fishing fleets circle


The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Enric Sala et al.
  • The ocean contains unique biodiversity, provides valuable food resources and is a major sink for anthropogenic carbon. We developed a conservation planning framework to prioritize highly protected Marine Protected Areas in places that would result in multiple benefits today and in the future…

Biological traits of seabirds predict extinction risk and vulnerability to anthropogenic threats

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Cerren Richards, Robert Cooke, Amanda Bates
  • Seabirds are heavily threatened by anthropogenic activities, and their conservation status is deteriorating rapidly. Nonetheless, these pressures are unlikely to impact all species uniformly. It remains an open question whether seabirds with similar ecological roles are responding similarly to human pressures…

Asking the Wrong Question in Explaining Tropical Diversity

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Patrick Cannon, David Edwards, Robert Freckletn
  • Enhancement of plant diversity via the Janzen-Connell mechanism is often measured relative to neutral models that ignore species’ competitive differences. Recent modelling indicates this mechanism is ineffective when included in models incorporating species’ demographic variations…

Exploring conservation strategies for oriental white stork fledglings across the breeding wetland landscape: Hints from tracking movement patterns

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Xu Xu et al.
  • To explore conservation strategies for endangered birds, especially for fledglings during breeding periods, the characteristics of habitat and nest site selection, daily activity pattern, and home range size must be understood. In the spring of 2016, we tracked four oriental white stork fledglings’ movement patterns in…

Marine artificial reefs, a meta-analysis of their design, objectives and effectiveness

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Baptiste Vivier et al.
  • Artificial Reefs (AR) show a wide diversity and vary in their construction materials, shape and purpose, as illustrated by the present analysis of 127 scientific papers. AR have been deployed for different purposes, including fisheries improvement, ecological restoration of marine habitats, coastal protection or purely scientific research…

Climate‐driven impacts of exotic species on marine ecosystems

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Scott Bennett et al.
  • Temperature is fundamental to the physiological and ecological performance of marine organisms, but its role in modulating the magnitude of ecological impacts by exotic species remains unresolved. Here, we examine the relationship between thermal regimes in the range of origin of marine exotic species and sites of measured impact, after human‐induced introduction…

Contrasting trends in biodiversity of birds and trees during succession following cacao agroforest abandonment

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Haley Arnold et al.
  • Understanding how transformed habitats act as reservoirs of biodiversity is a key challenge at a time when ecosystems are under unprecedented pressure. Here we compare tree and bird biodiversity in actively cultivated and abandoned cacao agroforests, and use a space for time approach to ask how this diversity has changed over 100 years of succession…

Vulnerabilities of protected lands in the face of climate and human footprint changes

  • Source: Nature Communications 
  • Author(s): Nawal Shrestha,  Xiaoting Xu, Jiahui Meng, Zhiheng Wang 
  • Protected areas (PAs) play a pivotal role in maintaining viable populations of species and minimizing their habitat loss. Globally, there are currently over 200,000 PAs that cover approximately 15% of land area. The post-2020 global biodiversity framework aims to expand this coverage to 30% by 2030. However, focusing only on the percentage coverage of PAs without evaluating their effectiveness may fail to achieve conservation goals…

Identifying the anthropogenic drivers of declines in tropical dung beetle communities and functions

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Lisieux Fuzessy et al.
  • Human population growth and the activities resulting in habitat destruction are a threat to biodiversity worldwide. Despite the recognized importance of dung beetles in supporting tropical forest ecosystems, our understanding of their susceptibility to anthropogenic pressures remains limited…

Deforestation and bird habitat loss in Colombia

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Pablo Negret et al.
  • Tropical deforestation continues at high rates in many regions, but it is often reported only in terms of area lost or its impacts on high-profile threatened species. Here, we examined the impact of both past and projected future deforestation on habitat extent for the entire assemblage of forest-dependent birds across the country with the greatest richness of bird species: Colombia…

Evenly split: Exploring the highly polarized public response to the use of lethal methods to manage overabundant native wildlife in Australia

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Mark Boulet, Kim Borg, Nicholas Faulkner, Liam Smith
  • The use of lethal methods to manage locally overabundant wildlife populations is rarely without some level of public opposition or debate. These findings can help wildlife managers engage better with the public when lethal methods are required to manage overabundant populations…
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