Academic Articles March 2

Source: Four new MPAs in Maluku boost Indonesia’s bid to protect its seas

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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The role of large wild animals in climate change mitigation and adaptation

  • Source: Current Biology
  • Author(s): Yadvinder Malhi et al.
  • To date, most studies aiming to find synergistic interventions for these two challenges have focused on protecting or restoring vegetation and soils but overlooked how conservation or restoration of large wild animals might influence the climate mitigation and adaptation potential of ecosystems…

Sustainability assessment of tourism in protected areas: A relational perspective

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Xiangju Zhang et al.
  • The evaluation framework focused on the interrelationships of the protected area tourism system’ subsystems was established. Fifty-two indicators in accordance with sustainable tourism development goals for PAs were identified. The stakeholder theory was combined with the coupling coordination theory…

Evaluation of MPA designs that protect highly mobile megafauna now and under climate change scenarios

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): M.E. Gilmour et al.
  • How well do large-scale MPAs protect wide-ranging megafauna they claim to protect? We assessed scales of movement relative to MPA boundaries, designs & climate change. Protected habitats were greatest for reef-based sharks, manta rays, sea turtles…

Using Population Viability Analysis to examine the potential long-term impact of fisheries bycatch on protected species

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Cian Luck et al.
  • Fisheries bycatch is recognised as the dominant anthropogenic threat facing many protected species globally. Estimates of total bycatch are often associated with wide confidence intervals as a result of limited coverage by on-board observers. This makes it difficult for managers to assess risk and design…

Recovery of tree community composition across different types of anthropogenic disturbances and characterization of their effect using Landsat time series in Bornean tropical montane forest

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Keiko Loki et al.
  • Anthropogenic pressure in tropical montane forests is rapidly increasing, becoming a major threat to these complex ecosystems. Studies have shown that the wide variety of human activities in tropical uplands results in different ecological responses of secondary forests, but basic information on…

Landscape Transformations and loss of Atlantic Forests: challenges for conservation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Escarlett de Arruda Ramos et al.
  • Regions of intense fragmentation and landscape transformation can indicate patterns of conversion of forest areas in space and time, challenging the resilience of ecosystems and driving the degradation of natural resources. In this study, we analyzed the dynamics of use, loss, and gain of Atlantic forests…

Tree functional traits, forest biomass, and tree species diversity interact with site properties to drive forest soil carbon

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Laurent Augusto & Antra Boča
  • Forests constitute important ecosystems in the global carbon cycle. However, how trees and environmental conditions interact to determine the amount of organic carbon stored in forest soils is a hotly debated subject. In particular, how tree species influence soil organic carbon (SOC) remains unclear…

Impact of multiple small and persistent threats on extinction risk

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Kaitlin Kimmel et al.
  • Many species may face multiple distinct and persistent drivers of extinction risk, yet theoretical and empirical studies tend to focus on the single largest driver. This means that existing approaches potentially underestimate and mischaracterize future risks to biodiversity. Here we synthesize…

The conservation impacts of ecological disturbance: Time‐bound estimates of population loss and recovery for fauna affected by the 2019–2020 Australian megafires

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Sarah Legge et al.
  • After environmental disasters, species with large population losses may need urgent protection to prevent extinction and support recovery. Following the 2019–2020 Australian megafires, we estimated population losses and recovery in fire-affected fauna, to inform conservation status assessments…

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