Academic Articles March 24

Source: World Water Day 2021 highlights dire predictions of growing scarcity

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Divergent farmer and scientist perceptions of agricultural biodiversity, ecosystem services and decision-making

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Bea Maas, Yvonne Fabian, Sara Kross, Anett Richter
  • Biodiversity-friendly management is pivotal for sustainable agriculture, but rarely put into practice by farmers despite mounting evidence of the social, environmental, and economic benefits of such practices. We investigated the reasons for this implementation challenge by conducting a transdisciplinary survey…

Restoration measures foster biodiversity of important primary consumers within calcareous grasslands

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Felix Helbing, Thomas Fartmann, Dominik Poniatowski
  • Despite great efforts in European nature conservation, semi-natural habitats such as calcareous grasslands are still suffering considerable declines due to abandonment… Here, for the first time, we used leafhoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) as bioindicators to assess the conservation value of restored calcareous grasslands…

Effectiveness of hunting regulations for the conservation of a globally-threatened species: The case of the European turtle-dove in Spain

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Lara Moreno-Zarate, Beatriz Arroyo, Will Peach
  • Wildlife management regulations for exploited species often aim to manipulate harvest levels in order to avoid unsustainable levels of exploitation. For such regulations to be effective the size of the harvest needs to respond to changes in those regulatory measures.The European turtle-dove is a widespread migratory quarry species of conservation concern… We describe temporal and spatial variation in the hunting of this species across Spain…

Estimating the impacts of habitat loss induced by urbanization on bird local extinctions

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Gabriela Dri, Carla Fontana, Cristian Dambros
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation can be long-term processes driving extinction debts, especially in cities. Because of a lack of temporal data, long-term impacts are generally investigated less frequently than short-term impacts. However, these effects are equally important for understanding biodiversity loss…

Transboundary priorities for protection of frigatebird non-breeding habitat in a heavily impacted region

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Gabriela Dri, Carla Fontana, Cristian Dambros
  • Despite the importance of non-breeding habitat to the persistence of individuals and species, there remains limited information on the habitat requirements of many species during the non-breeding period. We used Global Positioning System tracking devices to determine the non-breeding movements of Great Frigatebirds…

The construction of green infrastructure network in the perspectives of ecosystem services and ecological sensitivity: The case of Harbin, China

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Yujing Bai, Rong Guo
  • With the continuous reduction and destruction of ecological land during rapid urbanization, eco-environment problems have become more severe. This study proposes an idea that identifies and constructs a green infrastructure (GI) network from the perspectives of ecosystem services and ecological sensitivity…

Spatial ecology of hawksbill sea turtles in foraging habitats of the Gulf of California, Mexico

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Lourdes Martinez-Estevez et al.
  • Understanding movement patterns and habitat preferences of endangered species during their most vulnerable life stages is a key step to developing effective conservation strategies that prevent extinctions. Eastern Pacific hawksbills constitute one of the most endangered sea turtle populations globally, and the Gulf of California, Mexico, was recently identified as a potentially important foraging region. Here we analyzed movement patterns of 12 individuals…

Use of local knowledge for contributing to the conservation of Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb in southern Benin (West Africa)

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Bruno Lokonon, Fabrice Sodoté, David Simbo, Romain Kakaï
  • Natural resources such as medicinal plants are important in the livelihood systems of many local people around the world. The high anthropogenic pressure on these species lead to their progressive disappearance. This is the case of Caesalpinia bonduc, a medicinal plant widely used in southern Benin… This study aimed to assess traditional knowledge, perceptions and strategies for an effective management of the species in southern Benin…

Biodiversity models need to represent land‐use intensity more comprehensively

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Iwona Dullinger et al.
  • Land use is the major driver of the current biodiversity crisis. However, its impact is not yet adequately reflected in biodiversity scenarios… We argue that integration of land‐use intensity into biodiversity models should ideally be based on a proper conceptualization of the land‐use intensity phenomenon…

Low‐cost tools mitigate climate change during reproduction in an endangered marine ectotherm

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): L. Clarke et al.
  • The impacts of anthropogenic climate change will be most dramatic for species that live in narrow thermal niches, such as reptiles. Successful incubation and production of male sea turtle hatchlings is threatened by increased global temperatures (sex is determined by the temperature at which eggs incubate). Here we test two conservation tools to reduce incubation temperatures…

Guiding principles for rewilding

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Steve Carver et al. 
  • There has been much recent interest in the concept of rewilding as a tool for nature conservation, but also confusion over the idea, which has in turn limited its utility. We outline a unified definition and a series of ten guiding principles for rewilding, drawing on a global advisory group of rewilding experts…

Exploring human–nature interactions in national parks with social media photographs and computer vision

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Tuomas Väisänen  Vuokko Heikinheimo  Tuomo Hiippala  Tuuli Toivonen
  • Understanding the activities and preferences of visitors is crucial for managing protected areas and planning conservation strategies… We examined the application of state‐of‐the‐art computer‐vision methods to studying human–nature interactions. We used semantic clustering, scene classification, and object detection to automatically analyze photographs taken in Finnish national parks by domestic and international visitors…

The species awareness index as a conservation culturomics metric for public biodiversity awareness

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Joseph Millard, Richard Gregory, Kate Jones, Robin Freeman
  • The Aichi targets set out 20 goals on which the international community should act to alleviate biodiversity decline, 1 of which (Target 1) aims to raise public awareness of the importance of biodiversity… Following methods used for the Living Planet Index, we devised a species awareness index (SAI) to measure change in species awareness based on Wikipedia views…

Plastic ingestion by freshwater turtles: a review and call to action

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Adam Clause, Aaron Celestian, Gregory Pauly 
  • Plastic pollution, and especially plastic ingestion by animals, is a serious global issue. This problem is well documented in marine systems, but it is relatively understudied in freshwater systems. For turtles, it is unknown how plastic ingestion compares between marine and non-marine species. We review the relevant turtle dietary literature…

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