Academic Articles May 12

Source: Canada’s oceans on the crest of a transformative decade

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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A cumulative effects model for population trajectories of resident killer whales in the Northeast Pacific

  • Source: Biological Conservation 
  • Author(s): Cathryn Murray et al.
  • Like numerous species at risk, the resident killer whale populations of the Northeast Pacific are vulnerable to the cumulative effects of anthropogenic threats. A Pathways of Effects conceptual model summarised the current understanding of each threat (prey availability, acoustic and physical disturbance, and contaminants), threat interactions, and potential impacts to fecundity and mortality…

How worldview and personal values can shape conservation conflict – The case of captive-bred lions

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Christina Hiller, Douglas MacMillan
  • Conservation debates, fuelled by social media, are becoming increasingly polarised, especially where animal conservation and welfare are concerned. This study reveals how the ‘evidence-based approach’ founded on scientific knowledge and consensus-building can be insufficient when addressing conflicts that are driven by deeply held and opposing belief systems about nature, wildlife and their exploitation…

High extinction risk and limited habitat connectivity of Muñoa’s pampas cat, an endemic felid of the Uruguayan Savanna ecoregion

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Flávia Tirelli et al.
  • Muñoa’s pampas cat is a small felid that is endemic to the Uruguayan Savanna ecoregion. Previous studies have suggested that it is threatened, but its conservation assessment has been hampered by the scarcity of data on its ecology, including spatial distribution, population size, and connectivity. To address these issues, we developed current spatial distribution models and used them to…

Landscape estimates of carrying capacity for grizzly bears using nutritional energy supply for management and conservation planning

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): Cameron McClelland et al.
  • Successful recovery and management of threatened and endangered species requires an understanding of the capacity of the available habitat to support the species. Measuring habitat supply, or specific elements of that habitat, has been a key objective and challenge in wildlife management…

An analysis of communities’ attitudes towards wetlands and implications for sustainability

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Ndidzulafhi Sinthumule
  • An understanding on the attitudes of the people living in the peripheral of wetlands is crucial for conservation and management of wetlands. The aim of the study was to analyse communities’ attitudes towards wetlands and the implications for sustainability at Duthuni Village falling under the Vhembe District in Limpopo Province, South Africa…

Positive responses from giant pandas to the Natural Forest Conservation Programme based on slope utilisation

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Mingsheng Hong et al.
  • Several recent conservation initiatives conducive to the restoration of giant panda habitat, such as the National Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) in China, have been implemented… Extensive datasets, collected from the 3rd and 4th national giant panda surveys in Sichuan province, China, were analysed to reveal responses in habitat selection by giant pandas with implementation of the NFCP…

Erosion of tropical bird diversity over a century is influenced by abundance, diet and subtle climatic tolerances

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Jenna Curtis, W. Robinson, Ghislain Rompré, Randall Moore, Bruce McCune
  • Human alteration of landscapes leads to attrition of biodiversity. Recommendations for maximizing retention of species richness typically focus on protection and preservation of large habitat patches. Despite a century of protection from human disturbance, 27% of the 228 bird species initially detected on Barro Colorado Island are now absent…

Bycatch levies could reconcile trade-offs between blue growth and biodiversity conservation

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Hollie Booth, William Arlidge, Dale Squires, E. Milner-Gulland 
  • Economic activities in the ocean provide value to society, yet also jeopardize marine ecosystems. For example, fisheries are an essential source of income and food security for billions of people, yet bycatch poses a major threat to marine biodiversity, creating trade-offs…

Handle nature’s contributions with care

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • A renewed focus on nature’s utility is intended to enhance biodiversity protection. To avoid undermining conservation goals, this must be accompanied by safeguards on resource extraction, as well as meaningful acknowledgement and integration of Indigenous knowledge…

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