Academic Articles May 26

Source: Biodiversity conservation, an asset to fight coronavirus

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Recognizing Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ rights and agency in the post-2020 Biodiversity Agenda

  • Source: Ambio
  • Author(s): Victoria Reyes-García et al.
  • Drawing on the work of Indigenous and non-Indigenous scholars, we argue that transformative change requires the foregrounding of Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ rights and agency in biodiversity policy. We support this argument with four key points…

Decoloniality and anti-oppressive practices for a more ethical ecology

  • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Christopher Trisos, Jess Auerbach, Madhusudan Katti 
  • Ecology as a discipline and the diversity of those who call themselves ecologists have also been shaped and held back by often exclusionary Western approaches… We outline five shifts that could help to transform academic ecological practice…

Inviting ecologists to delve deeper into traditional ecological knowledge

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Zs. Molnár, D. Babai
  • Ecologists and conservationists increasingly acknowledge that traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is vital for a better understanding and conservation of biodiversity; for example, for a more complex socioecological understanding of long-term processes, ecosystem resilience, the impacts of traditional management practices, and the worldviews underpinning these practices…

Maximizing regional biodiversity requires a mosaic of protection levels

  • Source: PLOS
  • Author(s): Nicolas Loiseau et al.
  • The extent to which adjacent areas with distinct protection levels host different species numbers and compositions remains uncertain. Here, using reef fishes, European alpine plants, and North American birds, we show that the composition of species in adjacent Strictly Protected, Restricted, and Non-Protected areas is highly dissimilar, whereas the number of species is similar, after controlling for environmental conditions, sample size, and rarity…

A way forward for biodiversity conservation: high-quality landscapes

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  • Author(s): Fernando Soley, Ivette Perfecto
  • We are losing biodiversity quickly, not simply because of development but due to poor spatial planning. Recent findings propose thoughtful configurations and management of human-modified landscapes to protect biodiversity while allowing food production. This opens up a range of feasible actions in the conservation agenda, which overlap with food sovereignty initiatives…

Crop functional diversity drives multiple ecosystem functions during early agroforestry succession

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Diego dos Santos et al.
  • We still lack practical guidelines for diversifying cropping systems that consider both yield and regulating functions of agroecosystems. Recent studies have suggested that maximizing functional diversity may lead to agroecosystems with greater multifunctionality due to niche complementarity…

Mapping marine debris encountered by albatrosses tracked over oceanic waters

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Bungo Nishizawa et al.
  • Anthropogenic marine debris is a threat to marine organisms. Understanding how this debris spatially distributes at sea and may become associated with marine wildlife are key steps to tackle this current issue. Using bird-borne GPS- and video-loggers on 13 black-footed albatrosses breeding in Torishima, Japan, we examined the distribution of large floating debris in the Kuroshio Current area, western North Pacific…

Willingness to pay for Biodiversity Conservation in Dachigam National Park, India

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Mohammad Bhat, Arfat Sofi
  • This study attempts to estimate the household’s willingness to pay for biodiversity conservation in Dachigam National Park, which houses the last viable population of Asiatic Black Bear and the Hangul…

Utilizing local community knowledge of the Philippine tarsier in assessing the Bilar population endangerment risk, and implications for conservation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Filip Wojciechowski, Katarzyna Kaszycka, Julie Otadoy
  • Investigating the local people’s perception of the primate species in question, as well as the impressions of and experiences with conservation measures in their neighbourhood, is important in order to devise an appropriate conservation strategy. Here, we provide our findings on the knowledge of the Bilar local community about the Philippine tarsier…

Range-wide declines of northern spotted owl populations in the Pacific Northwest: A meta-analysis

  • Source: Biological Conservation 
  • Author(s): Alan Franklin et al.
  • The northern spotted owl inhabits older coniferous forests in the Pacific Northwest and has been at the center of forest management issues in this region… We conducted a prospective meta-analysis to assess population trends and factors affecting those trends in northern spotted owls…

The role of politics in the life of a conservation incentive: An analysis of agri-environment schemes in Hungary

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Eszter Kovács, Ágnes Kalóczkai, Bálint Czúcz
  • From policy and conservation perspectives, questions remain around the sustainability and longevity of behavioural changes associated with undertaking conservation work in exchange for payment. Further under-examined factors include inquiry into the role of the state as regulating agency, primary negotiator and enforcer, and how its politics and street-level relations influence participation…

Increasing durability of voluntary conservation through strategic implementation of the Conservation Reserve Program

  • Source: Biological Conservation 
  • Author(s): Daniel Sullins et al.
  • Working lands are an attractive solution for conservation in the conterminous United States where 76% of area is privately owned. Conservation of private lands often relies on participation in temporary incentive-based programs. As incentives expire landowners make decisions that determine whether environmental benefits continue. In the U.S., the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) contracts for 10–15 years to replant ~90–140.5 thousand km2 of cropland back to grassland…

Ecosystem services-human wellbeing relationships vary with spatial scales and indicators: The case of China

  • Source: Resources, Conservation and Recycling
  • Author(s): Lumeng Liu, Jianguo Wu
  • Ecosystem services (ES) are essential for sustaining human wellbeing (HWB), but empirical studies have shown that the ES-HWB relationship can be positive, negative, or nonexistent. Reconciling these seemingly conflicting results requires better understanding how the ES-HWB relationship varies with scales and indicators…

Heterogeneity in patterns of helminth infections across populations of mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei)

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Klara Petrželková et al.
  • Conservation efforts have led to the recovery of the endangered mountain gorilla populations. Due to their limited potential for spatial expansion, population densities increased, which may alter the epidemiology of infectious diseases. Recently, clinical gastrointestinal illnesses linked to helminth infections have been recorded in both gorilla populations. To understand drivers and patterns of helminth infections we quantified strongylid and tapeworm infections…

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