Academic Articles Nov. 12

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

  • Ecosystem indices to support global biodiversity conservation
    • Source: Society for Conservation Biology
    • Author(s): Jessica A. Rowland et al
    • Governments have committed to global targets to slow biodiversity loss and sustain ecosystem services. Biodiversity state indicators that measure progress toward these targets mostly focus on species, while indicators synthesizing ecosystem change are largely lacking.
  • Climate politics, metaphors and the fractal carbon trap
    • Source: Nature Climate Change
    • Author(s): Steven Bernstein & Matthew Hoffmann
    • In this Perspective, the authors argue that defining the climate change problem as one of decarbonization rather than emissions reduction suggests a new guiding metaphor — the global fractal — which may be a more…
  • Tradeoffs in the value of biodiversity feature and cost data in conservation prioritization
    • Source: Scientific Reports
    • Author(s): Amanda D. Rodewald, Matt Strimas-Mackey, Richard Schuster & Peter Arcese
    • We evaluated how the relative value of information on biodiversity features and land cost varied with data structure and variability, attributes of focal species and conservation targets, and habitat suitability thresholds for contrasting bird communities in the Pacific Northwest of North America.
  • Scientist sheds light on complexity of biodiversity loss
    • Source: Ecology Letters
    • Author(s): Christopher T. Filstrup, Katelyn B. S. King, Ian M. McCullough
    • Species richness — the number of different species in a given ecological community — is not the only, nor necessarily the best, way to measure biodiversity impacts on ecosystems.
  • What we can learn from Indigenous land management
    • Source: Geographical Research
    • Author(s): Samantha Muller, Steve Hemming, Daryle Rigney
    • First Nations peoples’ world view and connection to Country provide a rich source of knowledge and innovations for better land and water management policies when Indigenous decision-making is enacted, Australian researchers say. Incorporating the spirit and principles of Aboriginal people’s appreciation…
  • Extent of human encroachment into world’s protected areas revealed
    • Source: Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences
    • Author(s): Jonas Geldmann
    • Largest study yet to compare protected with ‘matched’ unprotected land finds ‘significantly higher’ increases in human pressure — primarily through agriculture — in protected areas across the tropics. Researchers argue that efforts to increase coverage may not help save wildlife unless protecting land…
  • Large-scale afforestation of African savannas will destroy valuable ecosystems
    • Source: Science
    • Author(s): Alan Grainger, Louis R. Iverson, Gregg H. Marland, Anantha Prasad
    • Scientists from around the world argue that the suggested afforestation of large areas of Africa to mitigate climate change will destroy valuable ecological, agricultural, and tourist areas, while doing little to reduce global CO2 levels.
  • No place like home: Species are on the move, but many have nowhere to go
    • Source: Scientific Reports
    • Author(s): Philip J. Platts et al
    • Since the 1970s, insects in the warmer half of Britain have been flying, hopping and crawling northwards at an average rate of around five metres per day. However, a new study has analysed 25 million recorded sightings of 300 different insect species and found there is huge variation in the rates at…
  • Study on climate protection: More forest — less meat
    • Source: Environmental Research Letters
    • Author(s): Heera Lee et al
    • Forests help protect the climate. Reforestation can decisively contribute to mitigating global warming according to the Paris Agreement. Based on simulations, researchers have studied the conditions that should be fulfilled in Europe for this. According to the study, sufficient increase in forest areas…
  • Conservation scientists call for reverse to biodiversity loss
    • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
    • Author(s): Joseph W. Bull et al
    • A group of international conservationists is urging governments across the globe to adopt a new approach to address the impact of economic development on the natural world. Scientists, aim to draw attention to what they call ”net positive outcomes for nature”.
  • Spending to save: What will it cost to halt Australia’s extinction crisis?
    • Source: Conservation Letters
    • Author(s): Brendan A. Wintle
    • As with most governments worldwide, Australian governments list threatened species and proffer commitments to recovering them. Yet most of Australia’s imperiled species continue to decline or go extinct and a contributing cause is inadequate investment in conservation management. However, this…

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