Academic Articles November 17

Source: Why Climate Change Could Put New Conservation Areas in Jeopardy

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Contributions of Indigenous Knowledge to ecological and evolutionary understanding

  • Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
  • Author(s): Tyler D. Jessen et al.
  • Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is the collective term to represent the many place-based knowledges accumulated across generations within myriad specific cultural contexts. Despite its millennia-long and continued application by Indigenous peoples to environmental management, non-Indigenous “Western” scientific…

The essential carbon service provided by northern peatlands

  • Source: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
  • Author(s): Lorna I. Harris et al.
  • Northern peatlands have cooled the global climate by accumulating large quantities of soil carbon (C) over thousands of years. Maintaining the C sink function of these peatlands and their immense long-term soil C stores is critical for achieving net-zero global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050…

Positive forest cover effects on coffee yields are consistent across regions

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Adrian González-Chaves et al.
  • Our work provides evidence that landscape relationships with ecosystem service provision are consistent across regions with different agricultural practices and environmental conditions. These results provide a way in which landscape management can articulate small landscape management…

Can large herbivores enhance ecosystem carbon persistence?

  • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution 
  • Author(s): Jeppe A. Kristensen et al.
  • To optimise restoration efforts to achieve both biodiversity and climate mitigation goals, we need to shift away from focusing only on building immediate carbon stocks to include carbon persistence. Herbivores can increase the persistence of ecosystem carbon through redistributing carbon…

Who are the elephants living in the hybridization zone? How genetics may guide conservation to better protect endangered elephants

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Julie Bonnald et al.
  • Our results emphasize that hybrids and savannah elephants can successfully range in forested area. They also show that forest elephants are rare even in their native habitat. In the current context of high threat faced by African elephant species, it is crucial to strengthen conservation efforts for these species…

Are well-studied marine biodiversity hotspots still blackspots for animal barcoding?

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Francesco Mugnai et al.
  • Marine biodiversity underpins ecosystem health and societal well-being. Preservation of biodiversity hotspots is a global challenge. Molecular tools, like DNA barcoding and metabarcoding, hold great potential for biodiversity monitoring, possibly outperforming more traditional taxonomic methods…

Biases in conservation: A regional analysis of Spanish vertebrates

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Jorge García-Macía et al.
  • Apart from being the main cause of biodiversity loss, humans are also essential for sustainability and biological conservation. Regulations for the conservation of threatened species are key to respond to this challenge. Here we evaluate the efficacy of mandatory regulations in Spain…

Passive restoration of subtropical grasslands leads to incomplete recovery of ant communities in early successional stages

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): William Dröse et al.
  • Understanding how land use and management practices affect biodiversity is essential for developing effective restoration and conservation strategies. Here, we used ant communities to evaluate the effects of historical land uses (former agriculture or tree plantation) and current management…

Linking ecological traits to extinction risk: Analysis of a Neotropical anuran database

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Rodrigo Barbosa Fontana et al.
  • With increasing threats to biodiversity, understanding how ecological characteristics of species influence extinction risks and population declines can be extremely important for the development of public policies for animal conservation, and for better targeting plans for at-risk species. Amphibians…

A holistic perspective on species conservation

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Bernhard Hausdorf
  • In a holistic perspective, species conservation has to optimize three objectives, the conservation of a maximum number of species and differentiated population groups within species, the fitness of these conservation units under current conditions and their evolvability that ensures their long-term survival…

Assessment of conservation challenges in and around Gibe Sheleko National Park, southwestern Ethiopia

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Seyoum Kiros and Afework Bekele
  • Most of Ethiopia’s National Parks are affected by anthropogenic factors. The objective of this study was to assess the major wildlife threatening factors of Gibe Sheleko National Park (GSNP) through semi-structured questionnaire, focus groups discussion and observation. The survey was carried out…

Woodland, cropland and hedgerows promote pollinator abundance in intensive grassland landscapes, with saturating benefits of flower cover 

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Jamie Alison et al.
  • We provide a holistic view of the drivers of pollinator abundance in Wales, in which flower cover, woodland, hedgerows and cropland are critical. We propose a key role for woodland creation, hedge-laying and farmland heterogeneity within future land management incentive schemes…

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