Academic Articles November 25th

Source: Harsh Droughts Can Actually Start Over Oceans

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Ecological civilization: China’s effort to build a shared future for all life on earth

  • Source: National Science Review
  • Author(s): Fuwen Wei et al.
  • To find better solutions to address global challenges, holistic thinking is required to integrate environmental goals with human activities. We present here the philosophical underpinnings, institutional frameworks and accomplishments of EC in China and its potential contribution to building a shared future for all life on earth…

Global Patterns and Drivers of Bee Distribution

  • Source: Current Biology
  • Author(s): Michael Orr et al.
  • Global analyses reveal hotspots of species richness, together generating a rare bimodal latitudinal richness gradient, and further analyses suggest that xeric areas, solar radiation, and non-forest plant productivity are among the most important global drivers of bee biodiversity…

Conservation and social outcomes of private protected areas

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Rachel Palfrey, Johan Oldekop, George Holmes
  • Government administered protected areas (PAs) have dominated conservation strategies, discourse and research, yet private actors are increasingly managing land for conservation. Little is known about the social and environmental outcomes of these privately protected areas (PPAs). We review…

Species-based or process-based conservation? Dealing with neophytes in the core areas of German national parks

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): JannekeWestermann,, Goddertvon Oheimb
  • In the core areas of National Parks (NPs), there might be a conflict between the approaches of process-based conservation. To better understand this conflict and its consequences, we collected data on non-native plant species managed in 12 German terrestrial NPs and the measures implemented…

Conservation policy under a roadless perspective: Minimizing fragmentation in Greece

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Vassiliki Kati et al.
  • Land use change poses as the top threat for biodiversity decline, and road sprawl as a key driver behind it globally. We developed the Roadless Fragmentation Indicator (RFI) to monitor fragmentation in more natural ecosystems…

Agricultural land-use change alters the structure and diversity of Amazon riparian forests

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Leonardo Maracahipes-Santos et al.
  • Fragmentation associated with expanding tropical croplands threatens riparian forests’ ecological integrity. We compared the structure of tropical riparian forests within intact and cropland catchments in a region of intensive soybean production in the southeastern Brazilian Amazon…

Understorey removal effects on tree regeneration in temperate forests: A meta‐analysis

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Emiel De Lombaerde et al.
  • Our study showed that understorey removal can have strong positive effects on tree regeneration across temperate forest contexts. The magnitude of these effects depended on overstorey and understorey conditions, but also on the type of tree species that is regenerated…

The local extinction of one of the greatest terrestrial ecosystem engineers, the giant armadillo, in one of its last refuges in the Atlantic Forest, will be felt by a large vertebrate community

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Bruno Fontes et al.
  • We observed through camera-traps that at least 37 vertebrate species used monitored excavations. The species-richness detected in sites with excavations was greater than in sites without excavations. The number of species using excavations of P. maximus in Sooretama was one of the greatest…

Fire and biodiversity in the Anthropocene

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Luke Kelly et al.
  • Fire has played a prominent role in the evolution of biodiversity and is a natural factor shaping many ecological communities. However, the incidence of fire has been exacerbated by human activity, and this is now affecting ecosystems and habitats that have never been fire prone or fire adapted…

Digital biodiversity data sets reveal breeding phenology and its drivers in a widespread North American mammal

  • Source: Ecology
  • Author(s): Bryan McLean, Robert Guralnick
  • Mammals are common subjects in reproductive biology, but mammalian phenology and its drivers in the wild remain poorly understood because many species are small, secretive, or labor‐intensive to monitor. We took an informatics‐based approach to reconstructing breeding phenology in the deer mouse…

Modelling landscape connectivity change for chimpanzee conservation in Tanzania

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Noémie Bonnin et al.
  • The degradation, fragmentation and loss of suitable habitat impede chimpanzee movements, reducing the potential for dispersal and thus population viability. We developed habitat suitability models to create an index of habitat selection by chimpanzees and mapped connectivity using circuit theory…

Can long‐lived species keep pace with climate change? Evidence of local persistence potential in a widespread conifer

  • Source: Biodiversity and Distributions
  • Author(s): Sarah Bisbing et al.
  • Our findings provide insight into the role of the landscape in shaping population genetic structure in a widespread tree species as well as the potential response of local populations to novel conditions, knowledge critical to understanding how widely distributed species may respond to climate change.

Walker circulation response to extratropical radiative forcing 

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Sarah Kang et al.
  • We reveal the dynamical pathways of this teleconnection across different components of the climate system using a hierarchy of climate model simulations. In the fully coupled system with ocean circulation adjustments, the Walker circulation strengthens in response to extratropical radiative cooling…

Increased winter drownings in ice-covered regions with warmer winters

  • Source: Plos One 
  • Author(s): Sapna Sharma et al.
  • Our findings indicate the potential for increased human mortality with warmer winter air temperatures. Incorporating drowning prevention plans would improve adaptation strategies to a changing climate…

Harsh Droughts Can Actually Start Over Oceans

  • Source: Scientific American Content
  • Author(s): Robin Meadows 
  • Droughts conjure images of vast expanses of hard, cracked soil and parched plants, but new research suggests that disastrous dry spells can develop over the wettest place of all: the ocean. Low-moisture air masses sometimes form and migrate thousands of kilometers over the sea, similar to the way hurricanes behave… 

Assessment of wildlife crime in a high-biodiversity region of Mexico

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Carlos Masés-García, Miguel Briones-Salas, Javier Sosa-Escalante
  • In this study, we analyzed the effects of wildlife crime on native wild vertebrates of Oaxaca, southern Mexico, from 2004 to 2018. We used data from law enforcement by Mexican authorities on activities that affect vertebrates: trafficking, illegal possession, exploitation, breaking of hunting laws…

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