Academic Articles November 3

Source: Latin American countries join reserves to create vast marine protected area

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Conserving threatened marine species and biodiversity requires 40% ocean protection

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Tamlin Jefferson et al.
  • Global prioritisation of where to locate Marine Protected Areas (MPA) has not considered both a comprehensive range of measures of biodiversity as well as threatened species distributions. Using maps of 974 threatened species ranges, we found that areas of high threatened species richness…

Developing a Method for Calculating Conservation Targets in Systematic Conservation Planning at the National Level

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Mona Azizi Jalilian et al.
  • Setting a quantitative conservation target comprises an important step in systematic conservation planning. This paper outlines a first attempt to calculate quantitative conservation targets for selection of national parks, wildlife refuges, and protected areas in 21 terrestrial ecosystems at the national level…

Progress on incorporating biodiversity monitoring in REDD+ through national forest inventories

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Loïc Gillerot et al.
  • A national forest inventory is one of the essential tools used to monitor carbon stock changes but can also be expanded to include biodiversity indicators. Here we analyse the progress and potential of 70 countries in monitoring primarily non-tree biodiversity using national forest inventories…

Predicting landscape‐scale biodiversity recovery by natural tropical forest regrowth

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Pablo V. Prieto et al.
  • Natural forest regrowth is a cost-effective, nature-based solution for biodiversity recovery, yet different socio-environmental factors can lead to variable outcomes. A critical knowledge gap to inform forest restoration planning is how to predict where natural forest regrowth is likely to recover high levels of biodiversity…

Renewable energy and biological conservation in a changing world

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Henriette I. Jager et al. 
  • Without a shift to renewable energy, climate change will have adverse effects on many terrestrial and aquatic species. On the other hand, renewable energy sources have their own conservation concerns. To set the stage for the special issue, we review growth projections and describe complementarities…

Relationships between ergodic indicators of dispersal intensity, IUCN Red List values, and selected environmental variables in connection with European birds whose foraging and flying behavior is associated to roads and highways

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Rodrigo Riera et al.
  • Displaying an appropriate dispersal intensity (DI) in response to environmental fluctuations may determine if a given species goes extinct or not. Thus, developing indicators of the DI necessary to harness a given ecological niche breadth is urgent due to the changing latitudinal boundaries…

Bird population declines and species turnover are changing the acoustic properties of spring soundscapes

  • Source: Nature Communications 
  • Author(s): C. A. Morrison et al.
  • Natural sounds, and bird song in particular, play a key role in building and maintaining our connection with nature, but widespread declines in bird populations mean that the acoustic properties of natural soundscapes may be changing. Using data-driven reconstructions of soundscapes…

Does restoration of plant diversity trigger concomitant soil microbiome changes in dryland ecosystems?

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology 
  • Author(s): Ben Yang et al.
  • Drylands are highly vulnerable to land degradation, and despite increasing efforts, restoration success remains low. Although often ignored in the design and deployment of management strategies, soil microbial communities might be critical for dryland restoration due to their central role…

Pilot perceptions of options to manage drone-wildlife interactions; associations with wildlife value orientations and connectedness to nature

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Elyce Gray and Michael A. Weston 
  • Drone usage is increasing and drone-wildlife interactions are likely to increase in frequency and occurrence. These interactions can have adverse consequences for drones (e.g., damage or loss due to aggressive wildlife behaviour) and/or for wildlife (e.g., injury, disturbance). This study aims…

Community-based management of protected areas: The case of the Mangkang National Nature Reserve on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Wei Jiang and Tong Wu
  • This case study describes a community-based management approach for conserving one protected area in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. This approach has proven effective in the Mangkang National Nature Reserve due to the successful conservation of the Black Snub-nosed Monkey…

Disentangling responses to natural stressor and human impact gradients in river ecosystems across Europe

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Rachel Stubbington et al.
  • Rivers are dynamic ecosystems in which both human impacts and climate-driven drying events are increasingly common. These anthropogenic and natural stressors interact to influence the biodiversity and functioning of river ecosystems. Disentangling ecological responses to these interacting…

Baleen whale prey consumption based on high-resolution foraging measurements

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Matthew S. Savoca et al.
  • Our results suggest that previous studies have underestimated baleen whale prey consumption by threefold or more in some ecosystems. In the Southern Ocean alone, we calculate that pre-whaling populations of mysticetes annually consumed 430 million tonnes of Antarctic krill, twice the current…

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