Academic Articles October 14th

Source: Why protecting Indigenous communities can help save the

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Citizen science for environmental citizenship

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Finn Arne Jørgensen, Dolly Jørgensen
  • Conservation‐based citizen science projects have the potential to contribute to the formation of environmental citizenship…

Safeguarding freshwater life beyond 2020: Recommendations for the new global biodiversity framework from the European experience

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Charles van Rees et al.
  • Freshwater biodiversity is disproportionately threatened and underprioritized relative to the marine and terrestrial biota, despite supporting a richness of species and ecosystems with their own intrinsic value and providing multiple essential ecosystem services. Future policies and strategies must have a greater focus on the unique ecology of freshwater life and its multiple threats, and now is a critical time to reflect on how this may be achieved…

The multifaceted challenge of evaluating protected area effectiveness

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Ana Rodrigues, Victor Cazalis 
  • Protected areas (PAs) are the most important conservation tool, yet assessing their effectiveness is remarkably challenging. We clarify the links between the many facets of PA effectiveness, from evaluating the means, to analysing the mechanisms, to directly measuring biodiversity outcomes…

Drivers of wildfire carbon emissions

  • Source: Nature Climate Change
  • Author(s): Rachel Loehman 
  • Increasing fire frequency and severity may shift boreal forests from carbon sinks to carbon sources and amplify climate warming. Analysis indicates that fuel characteristics are important drivers of wildfire carbon emissions across a broad range of North America’s boreal forest…

Tired of science being ignored? Get political

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Mary Bassett
  • The presidents of the non-partisan US National Academy of Medicine and the National Academy of Sciences have publicly expressed alarm at the growing political interference in science. Working researchers’ relative silence about such larger societal issues, often under the guise of professionalism, doesn’t make for good science, although it might make for safer scientific careers. In the middle of a pandemic, good science identifies how to save lives…

Ensuring a Post-COVID Economic Agenda Tackles Global Biodiversity Loss

  • Source: One Earth
  • Author(s): Pamela McElwee et al.
  • Many governments are now proposing recovery packages to get back to normal, but the 2019 Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Global Assessment indicated that business as usual has created widespread ecosystem degradation…

Microbial carrying capacity and carbon biomass of plastic marine debris

  • Source: The ISME Journal
  • Author(s): Shiye Zhao, Erik Zettler, Linda Amaral-Zettler, Tracy Mincer 
  • Trillions of plastic debris fragments are floating at sea, presenting a substantial surface area for microbial colonization. Numerous cultivation-independent surveys have characterized plastic-associated microbial biofilms, however, quantitative studies addressing microbial carbon biomass are lacking…

Observed Ocean Bottom Temperature Variability at Four Sites in the Northwestern Argentine Basin: Evidence of Decadal Deep/Abyssal Warming Amidst Hourly to Interannual Variability During 2009–2019

  • Source: Geophysical Research Letters
  • Author(s): Christopher Meinen, Renellys Perez, Shenfu Dong, Alberto Piola, Edmo Campos
  • Consecutive multiyear records of hourly ocean bottom temperature measurements are merged to produce new decade‐long time series at four depths ranging from 1,360 to 4,757 m within the northwest Argentine Basin at 34.5°S. Energetic temperature variations are found at a wide range of time scales. All sites exhibit fairly linear warming trends of…

Understanding global spatio-temporal trends and the relationship between vegetation greenness and climate factors by land cover during 1982–2014

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Munkhnasan Lamchin et al.
  • Analysis of the correlation between vegetation greenness and climate variable trends is important in the study of vegetation greenness…

An integrative analysis of threats affecting protected areas in a biodiversity stronghold in Southeast Mexico

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Oscar Godínez-Gómez, Cody Schank, Jean-François Mas, Eduardo Mendoza
  • Protected areas (PAs) are one of the main strategies to preserve tropical biodiversity. However, their viability is compromised by the impacts of a variety of threats. To gain a more integrated view of how different threats affect them, individually and in combination, we analyzed…

Expansion of protected area networks integrating ecosystem service and social-ecological coordination

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Kun Zhang et al.
  • The expansion of protected area (PA) networks is necessary for countries and territories worldwide to conserve biodiversity, protect natural ecosystems and achieve sustainable development. However, challenges remain in expanding the PA network effectively, especially in regard to addressing priority conservation areas and balancing social development and ecological conservation. These problems are addressed in the “Ecological Conservation Redline” (ECR)…

Applying IUCN Reintroduction guidelines: An effective medium for raising public support prior to conducting a reintroduction project

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Lawrence Sampson, Jennifer Riley, Angus Carpenter
  • IUCN guidelines state that public support for conservation projects should be garnered prior to any ‘on the ground’ activities taking place, as public knowledge and support, both passive and / or active, can influence greatly the success of a species reintroduction. This study investigated the effectiveness of generating public support within a zoo setting for a conservation species reintroduction project…

Spatial conservation action planning in heterogenous landscapes

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Jim Thomson et al.
  • A key challenge in conservation is the efficient allocation of limited resources to maximise benefits for biodiversity. Decision-support tools that account for landscape heterogeneity are needed to identify spatially-explicit actions that will achieve the greatest biodiversity benefits with available resources. We developed a raster-based, landscape-scale, spatial conservation action planning tool (SCAP)…

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