Academic Articles October 20

Source: Nature doesn’t recognise borders but countries can collaborate to save species-the Escazú Agreement shows how

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Elevated wildlife-vehicle collision rates during the COVID-19 pandemic

  • Source: Scientific Reports
  • Author(s): Joel O. Abraham and Matthew A. Mumma
  • Wildlife-vehicle collisions threaten both humans and wildlife, but we still lack information about the relationship between traffic volume and wildlife-vehicle collisions. The COVID-19 pandemic allowed us to investigate the effects of traffic volume on wildlife-vehicle collisions in the United States…

Biome Awareness Disparity is BAD for tropical ecosystem conservation and restoration

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Fernando A. O. Silveira et al.
  • We urge scientists, policymakers and land managers to recognize the value of open biomes for protecting biodiversity, securing ecosystem services, mitigating climate change, and enhancing human livelihoods. Fixing Biome Awareness Disparity will increase the likelihood of the United Nations…

Turning old foes into new allies—Harnessing drainage canals for biodiversity conservation in a desiccated European lowland region

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Csaba Tölgyesi et al.
  • We show that drainage canals can harbour high biodiversity and should therefore be recognized as important novel ecosystems with high conservation value, even when cutting through semi-natural grassland habitats. Canals have previously been considered detrimental to nature conservation due to their…

Ecological requirements drive the variable responses of wheat pests and natural enemies to the landscape context

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): E. González et al. 
  • Semi-natural habitats (SNH) are considered essential for pest suppressive landscapes, but their influence on crop pests and natural enemies can be highly variable. Instead of SNH per se, the availability of resources, such as pollen and nectar, may be more relevant for supporting pest control….

Honeybee pollination benefits could inform solar park business cases, planning decisions and environmental sustainability targets

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Alona Armstrong et al.
  • Land use change for renewable energy can have positive and negative environmental consequences, but robustly quantifying the effects is challenging. Here, we evaluate the monetary benefits of pollination services from installing honeybee hives in solar parks and discuss how they could inform policy and practice…

Amphibian fauna of Pakistan with notes on future prospects of research and conservation

  • Source: ZooKeys
  • Author(s): Muhammad Rais et al.
  • Amphibians have long been neglected in wildlife conservation, management decisions, policy making, and research agendas in Pakistan. In this paper, an annotated checklist of the 21 amphibian species of Pakistan, a key to their identification, and detailed discussions on variation in species, including…

Wave damping by flexible marsh plants influenced by current

  • Source: Physical Review Fluids 
  • Author(s): Xiaoxia Zhang and Heidi Nepf
  • This study considered how the presence of current impacted wave dissipation within a meadow of flexible marsh plants. A wave-damping model was developed from a prediction of current- and wave-induced force on individual plants. The model was validated with laboratory experiments…

Identifying best conservation areas for an endangered and endemic raptor in Cuba through abundance spatial modeling: A niche-centroid distances approach

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Yarelys Ferrer-Sánchez and Ricardo Rodríguez-Estrella
  • We modeled the spatial patterns of abundance of the hawk in central Cuba and then assessed the effectiveness of protected areas for conserving this species. We fitted an ecological niche model to occurrence data of the Cuban Black-Hawk. The centroid of the predicted distribution range…

Reversing a downward trend in threatened peripheral amphibian (Triturus cristatus) populations through interventions combining species, habitat and genetic information

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation 
  • Author(s): David O’Brien et al.
  • Conserving genetic diversity in wild species is vital for preserving adaptations to local environmental conditions. We conducted a habitat creation project for a flagship European Protected Species of amphibian (northern great crested newt Triturus cristatus) at its north-western range edge…

Conceptualizing ecosystem degradation using mangrove forests as a model system

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Erik S. Yando et al.
  • Ecosystem status assessments generally emphasize areal change (gains/losses) as a primary indicator; however, this over-simplifies complex ecosystem dynamics and ignores metrics that would better assess ecosystem quality. Consideration of multiple indicators is necessary to characterize…

Trophic and spatial complementarity on seed dispersal services by birds, wild mammals, and cattle in a Mediterranean woodland pasture

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Rafael da Silveira Bueno et al.
  • Seed dispersal by animals is a crucial process in such mosaics, but community-wide studies comparing the functional complementarity and response to man-imposed habitat heterogeneity are rare. Here, we investigate the trophic and spatial seed dispersal networks underpinning a strong, woody vegetation…

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