Academic Articles Sep. 25

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

  • We need more realistic climate change experiments for understanding ecosystems of the future
    • Source: Global Change Biology
    • Author(s): Lotte Korell, Harald Auge, Jonathan M. Chase, Stanley Harpole, Tiffany M. Knight
    • Advances in global climate modeling have significantly increased our understanding and confidence in projections for future climate scenarios (Bonan & Doney, 2018). However, predictions for how plant communities will respond to these changes, influencing both the numbers and…
  • Landscape connectivity explains interaction network patterns at multiple scales
    • Source: Ecology
    • Author(s): Micaela Santos, Luciano Cagnolo, Tomas Roslin, Hugo J. Marrero, Diego P. Vázquez
    • Under a metacommunity framework, the spatial configuration of habitat fragments could determine local community structure. Yet, quantifying fragment connectivity is challenging, as it depends on multiple variables at several geographical scales. We assessed the extent to which fragment connectivity…
  • New UN high-seas treaty must close gaps in biodiversity governance
    • Source: Nature Ecology & Evolution
    • Author(s): Guillermo Ortuño Crespo, Daniel C. Dunn, Matthew Gianni, Kristina Gjerde, Glen Wright & Patrick N. Halpin 
    • Thousands of marine species could be at risk if a new United Nations high-seas biodiversity treaty, now being negotiated in New York, does not include measures to address the management of all fish species in waters beyond national jurisdiction, not just commercial species, warn experts.
  • Potentially large economic impacts of climate change can be avoided by human actions
    • Source: Nature Climate Change
    • Author(s): Jun’ya Takakura et al
    • A study estimates global-scale, multi-sectoral economic impacts of climate change, and suggests that a plausible range of decisions and actions by humans can determine the scale of the economic impacts, even if the uncertainty in the climate response to increased greenhouse gas concentration is considered….
  • Ecoregion shapes the range response
    • Source: Nature Climate Change
    • Author(s): Meagan F. Oldfather
    • Within a single species, different populations can show strikingly varied responses to climate – often attributed to genetic differences of geographically separated populations. Now an elegant analysis, weaving together…
  • Range size predicts the risk of local extinction from habitat loss
    • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
    • Author(s): Ingmar R. Staude, Laetitia M. Navarro, Henrique M. Pereira
    • The geographical range size of species is a strong predictor of vulnerability to global extinction. However, it remains unclear whether range size is also a good predictor of extinction risk at much smaller scales. Here, we reconstruct biodiversity time series to ask whether species…
  • Wilderness areas halve the extinction risk of terrestrial biodiversity
    • Source: Nature
    • Author(s): Moreno Di Marco, Simon Ferrier, Tom D. Harwood, Andrew J. Hoskins & James E. M. Watson 
    • Here we model the persistence probability of biodiversity, combining habitat condition with spatial variation in species composition, to show that retaining these remaining wilderness areas is essential for the international conservation agenda
  • The Trouble with Trees: Afforestation Plans for Africa
    • Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
    • Author(s): William J. Bond, Nicola Stevens, Guy F. Midgley, Caroline E.R. Lehmann
    • Extensive tree planting is widely promoted for reducing atmospheric CO2. In Africa, 1 million km2, mostly of grassy biomes, have been targeted for ‘restoration’ by 2030. The target is based on the erroneous assumption that these biomes are deforested and degraded. We discuss the pros and cons of exporting
  • Calling for a new agenda for conservation science to create evidence-informed policy
    • Source: Biological Conservation
    • Author(s): David Christian Rose et al
    • We argue that implementation challenges are most likely to be preventing the solutions being put into practice and that the research agenda for conservation science-policy interfaces needs to move away from identifying barriers and solutions, and towards a detailed investigation of how to overcome these implementation challenges.

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