Academic Articles September 1

Source: How has thirty years of logging saved the rainforest in Guatemala?

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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A green new deal for the oceans must prioritize social justice beyond infrastructure

  • Source: Conservation Letters 
  • Author(s): Andrés Cisneros‐Montemayor, Katherine Crosman, Yoshitaka Ota
  • The world’s oceans are affected by complex economic and cultural connections; governing them sustainably requires careful policy and planning. Solutions must recognize complex political dynamics and focus on…

Policy interactions in large‐scale marine protected areas

  • Source: Conservation Letters 
  • Author(s): Rebecca Gruby et al.
  • Large‐scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs) have proliferated in recent years, now accounting for most of the world’s MPA coverage. However, little is known about LSMPA outcomes and the factors that affect them. Here we argue that policy interactions—the cumulative effect of co‐existing policies…

Protected areas are now the last strongholds for many imperiled mammal species

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Michela Pacifici, Moreno Di Marco, James Watson
  • The global network of terrestrial protected areas (PAs) has experienced a fourfold expansion since the 1970s. Yet, there is increasing debate around the role of the global PA estate in covering and sustaining threatened species, with serious ramifications for current PA financing and the setting…

The importance of indigenous peoples’ lands for the conservation of terrestrial mammals

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Christopher O’Bryan et al.
  • Abstract Indigenous Peoples’ lands cover over one‐quarter of Earth’s surface, a significant proportion of which is still free from industrial‐level human impacts. As a result, Indigenous Peoples and their lands are crucial for the long‐term persistence of Earth’s biodiversity and ecosystem services….

Global forest restoration and the importance of prioritizing local communities  

  • Source: Nature Ecology and Evolution
  • Author(s): J. Erbaugh
  • Forest restoration occupies centre stage in global conversations about carbon removal and biodiversity conservation, but recent research rarely acknowledges social dimensions or environmental justice implications related to its implementation. We find that…

Vascular plant extinction in the continental United States and Canada

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Wesley Knapp
  • Abstract Extinction rates are expected to increase during the Anthropocene. Current extinction rates of plants and many animals remain unknown. This study represents the first effort to quantify extinctions among the vascular flora of North America north of Mexico since European settlement. We compiled…

Conservation planning for adaptive and neutral evolutionary processes

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Jeffrey Hanson et al.
  • We introduce a framework for incorporating adaptive and neutral evolutionary processes into conservation planning. This framework can reveal weaknesses in the coverage of climatic refugia, genetic diversity and potential local adaptations by existing protected areas. Moreover, it can identify priority…

High conservation priority of range-edge plant populations not matched by habitat protection or research effort

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): P. Caissy, S. Klemet-N’Guessan, R. Jackiw, C. Ecker, A. Hargreaves
  • High-latitude countries tend to contain the polar range-edge of many species that are nationally rare but globally common. This can focus national conservation efforts toward range-edge populations, whose conservation needs and value are disputed. Using plants in Canada as a case study, we ask…

Preferences for different flagship types in fundraising for nature conservation

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s):Piia Lundberg, Diogo Veríssimo, Annukka Vainio, Anni Arponen
  • Just as preferences towards species can vary, preferences towards different flagship types may also differ. Thus, opportunities may exist to enhance the use of other flagship types such as flagship fleets, ecosystems or biodiversity in fundraising…

Framing conservation: ‘biodiversity’ and the values embedded in scientific language

  • Source: Environmental Conservation
  • Author(s): Kevin Elliott
  • Environmental Conservation The global loss of biodiversity is one of the most important challenges facing humanity, and a multi-faceted strategy is needed to address the size and complexity of this problem. This paper draws on scholarship from the philosophy of science and environmental ethics to…

 Protected areas are now the last strongholds for many imperiled mammal species

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Michela Pacifici, Moreno Di Marco,  James E. M. Watson
  • The global network of terrestrial protected areas (PAs) has experienced a fourfold expansion since the 1970s. Yet, there is increasing debate around the role of the global PA estate in…

Species Protection as a Natural Climate Solution

  • Source: Hein Online
  • Author(s): Mackenzie Landa
  • Climate change is among the leading threats to the long-term survival of species and habitats today. As such, wildlife protection is a crucial component of the climate conversation…

Valuation of coral reefs in Japan: Willingness to pay for conservation and the effect of information

  • Source: Ecosystem Services
  • Author(s): Kohei Imamura et al.
  • In recent decades, despite their value, coral reefs have been endangered and are swiftly declining because of land overuse, rising sea temperatures, and increasing ocean acidification. This study assesses the willingness to pay (WTP) for coral reef conservation in Japan…

Quantifying net loss of global mangrove carbon stocks from 20 years of land cover change

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Daniel R. Richards, Benjamin S. Thompson & Lahiru Wijedasa 
  • Historical deforestation of mangrove forests, coupled with their high carbon densities, make it probable that land cover change (LCC) in mangroves has caused substantial carbon emissions over the past century…

Drivers and trends in the extinction risk of New Zealand’s endemic birds

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Juan Garcia, Moreno Di Marco 
  • New Zealand is well known as the “land of birds” with 168 extant native breeding species within an area of 270,000 km2. About 40 endemic avian species have gone extinct since human arrival 700 years ago, and a high proportion of the remaining ones are currently threatened with extinction. Here, we compile a retrospective assessment of the extinction risk of New Zealand’s endemic birds…

Amazon conservation and students’ interests for biodiversity: The need to boost science education in Brazil

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): F. Franzolin, P. S. Garcia, N. Bizzo
  • Given the importance of the local communities in conservation and the current prominence of young people in environmental issues, a boost in science education is needed in Brazil, enhancing the study of rainforest biota in the Brazilian curricula…

Global extent and drivers of mammal population declines in protected areas under illegal hunting pressure

  • Source: Plos One
  • Author(s): A. Rija, R. Critchlow, C. D. Thomas, C. M. Beale
  • Illegal hunting is a persistent problem in many protected areas, but an overview of the extent of this problem and its impact on wildlife is lacking. We reviewed 40 years (1980–2020) of global research to examine the spatial distribution of research and socio-ecological factors influencing population decline within protected areas under illegal hunting pressure…

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