Academic Articles September 15

Source: Environmental threats ‘greatest challenge to human rights’: UN

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Kirsten Grorud-Colvert et al.
  • Marine protected areas (MPAs) are now well established globally as tools for conservation, for enhancing marine biodiversity, and for promoting sustainable fisheries. That said, which regions are labeled as MPAs varies substantially, from those that full protect marine species…

Local ecological knowledge reveals combined landscape effects of light pollution, habitat loss, and fragmentation on insect populations

  • Source: Biological Conservation 
  • Author(s): Luis F. Camacho et al.
  • Recent reports of drastic declines in insect populations have raised global concerns about their conservation. Light pollution is a near inseparable feature of human-altered landscapes and is a potential contributing factor to insect declines. However, despite the wide recognition…

Improving longitudinal habitat connectivity in major river restoration projects through farmland re-allocation

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Jasmin Knutti et al.
  • River restoration projects are often accompanied by major land consolidation operations, notably the reallocation of adjacent farmland, which offers the opportunity to create an extensively-managed buffer zone outside the levees where specific habitat features are installed for endangered terrestrial…

Conservation threats from roadkill in the global road network

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Clara Grilo et al.
  • The road network is increasing globally but the consequences of roadkill on the viability of wildlife populations are largely unknown. We provide a framework that allows us to estimate how risk of extinction of local populations increases due to roadkill and to generate a global assessment…

Challenges and opportunities of engaging biodiversity-related citizen science data in environmental decision-making: Practitioners’ perceptions and a database analysis from Estonia

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Monika Suškevičs et al.
  • Citizen Science (CS) based environmental monitoring has become popular in many countries, but implementing CS projects in Eastern European countries is often challenging due to their socio-political transition histories, low social capital, and relatively short traditions of civic participation…

Impacts of management at a local and landscape scale on pollinators in semi‐natural grasslands

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Michelle Larkin and Dara E. Stanley
  • Using plant species as indicators for biodiversity in agri-environment schemes can have indirect benefits for non-target taxa like bumblebees, but broader indicators should be developed to incorporate other pollinator groups. Pollinator groups respond differently to local and landscape management in…

The costs and benefits of restoring a continent’s terrestrial ecosystems

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Bonnie Mappin et al.
  • The rise in global commitments to restore habitat underlines its importance to halt biodiversity loss and abate climate change. To effectively plan for landscape-scale restoration efforts, decision makers need to prioritise where restoration should occur and have a method to estimate its cost…

Planning ahead: Dynamic models forecast blue whale distribution with applications for spatial management

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Dawn R. Barlow and Leigh G. Torres
  • Resources in the ocean are ephemeral, and effective management must therefore account for the dynamic spatial and temporal patterns of ecosystems and species of concern. We focus on the South Taranaki Bight (STB) of New Zealand, where upwelling generates productivity…

Local disconnects in global discourses—The unintended consequences of marine mammal protection on small‐scale fishers

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Katrina J. Davis et al.
  • Global commitments prioritize protection of wildlife and improvements to human wellbeing. Local disconnects in these commitments are rarely acknowledged—or their implications assessed—preventing the development of effective solutions. National and international efforts to protect marine…

A consumer‐driven recycling theory for the impact of large herbivores on terrestrial ecosystem stoichiometry

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Tanguy Daufresne
  • Biological control of nutrient cycles is well documented in aquatic ecosystems, where consumer-driven recycling by herbivores can significantly impact ecosystem stoichiometry. In contrast, little is known in terrestrial ecosystems, where there is evidence that herbivores can also impact ecosystem…

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