Academic Articles September 23

Source: Can China take the lead in the UN biodiversity process?


The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Freshwater conservation planning in the context of nature needs half and protected area dynamism in Bhutan

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Tshering Dorji, Simon Linke, Fran Sheldon
  • Considering known threats to both biodiversity and PAs during systematic conservation planning can help identify robust conservation priority areas. Bhutan, a country that already achieved the NNH target through terrestrial-focused PAs and with hydropower as main cause of PADDD, provides a unique case study…

Integrating climate, biodiversity, and sustainable land-use strategies: innovations from China 

  • Source: National Science Review
  • Author(s): Guido Schmidt-Traub et al.
  • To reverse the accelerating degradation of biodiversity and ecosystem services (‘nature’) and climate, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will hold major meetings in 2021. We argue that, as a critical priority, countries need to design and implement integrated national strategies…

Cost-effective priorities for the expansion of global terrestrial protected areas: Setting post-2020 global and national targets

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Rui Yang et al.
  • Biodiversity loss is a social and ecological emergency, and calls have been made for the global expansion of protected areas (PAs) to tackle this crisis. It is unclear, however, where best to locate new PAs to protect biodiversity cost-effectively…

Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): David Leclère et al.
  • Increased efforts are required to prevent further losses to terrestrial biodiversity and the ecosystem services that it  provides. Ambitious targets have been proposed, such as reversing the declining trends in biodiversity; however, just feeding the growing human population will make this a challenge…

Associations between socio‐environmental factors and landscape‐scale biodiversity recovery in naturally regenerating tropical and subtropical forests

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Renato Crouzeilles et al.
  • Natural regeneration is key for large‐scale forest restoration, yet it may lead to different biodiversity outcomes depending on socio‐environmental context…

A guide to the Nature Index

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): n/a
  • A description of the terminology and methodology used in this supplement, and a guide to the functionality available free online at natureindex.com…

Censored: Australian scientists say suppression of environment research is getting worse

  • Source: Nature 
  • Author(s): Dyani Lewis
  • Environmental scientists in Australia say that they are under increasing pressure from their employers to downplay research findings or avoid communicating them at all. More than half of the respondents to an online survey thought that constraints on speaking publicly on issues such as threatened species, urban development, mining, logging and climate change had become worse in recent years…

Metabolic trait diversity shapes marine biogeography

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Curtis Deutsch, Justin Penn, Brad Seibel
  • Climate and physiology shape biogeography, yet the range limits of species can rarely be ascribed to the quantitative traits of organisms. Here we evaluate whether the geographical range boundaries of species coincide with ecophysiological limits to acquisition of aerobic energy for a global cross-section of the biodiversity of marine animals…

Crumbling Reefs and Cold-Water Coral Habitat Loss in a Future Ocean: Evidence of “Coralporosis” as an Indicator of Habitat Integrity

  • Source: Frontiers in Marine Science
  • Author(s): Sebastian Hennige et al.
  • Ocean acidification is a threat to the net growth of tropical and deep-sea coral reefs, due to gradual changes in the balance between reef growth and loss processes. Here we go beyond identification of coral dissolution induced by ocean acidification and identify a mechanism that will lead to a loss of habitat in cold-water coral reef habitats on an ecosystem-scale…

Global aridity changes due to differences in surface energy and water balance between 1.5 °C and 2 °C warming

  • Source: Environmental Research Letters
  • Author(s): Akira Takeshima et al.
  • Increased aridity and drought risks are significant global concerns. However, there are few comprehensive studies on the related risks with regard to the differences between relatively weak levels of warming, including the recent targets of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) of 1.5 °C or 2 °C…

The Number and Spatial Distribution of Forest-Proximate People Globally

  • Source: One Earth
  • Author(s): Peter Newton, Andrew Kinzer, Daniel Miller, Johan Oldekop, Arun Agrawal
  • Organizations that support forest conservation and sustainable development projects around the world are interested in understanding how many people live within or near to forests, in order to prioritize and target funding and to measure the effects of their projects on people’s lives…

Seismic ocean thermometry

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Wenbo Wu, Zhongwen Zhan, Shirui Peng, Sidao Ni, Jörn Callies
  • More than 90% of the energy trapped on Earth by increasingly abundant greenhouse gases is absorbed by the ocean. Monitoring the resulting ocean warming remains a challenging sampling problem…

Dimensions of changing perception towards wildlife conservation in East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalayas

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Joanica Jyrwa et al.
  • Perception towards the wildlife conservation of locals determines the future of conservation programs, hence we assessed the perception of forest communities in East Siang district towards wildlife conservation in their surroundings… 

Valuing ecosystem services of Sundarbans Mangrove forest: Approach of choice experiment

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Md. HafizIqbal et al.
  • This study examines the marginal willingness-to-pay (MWTP) and compensating surplus (CS) in response to the policy change of ecosystem services of Sundarbans based on focus group discussion (FGD) and survey…

The effects of residential greenspace on avian Biodiversity in Beijing

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Shilin Xie et al.
  • Residential communities are the primary living spaces for people in China. Their associated greenspaces are important elements of the urban ecosystem, providing neighborhood ecosystem services and hosting bird populations of differing community structures compared with other urban green areas. This study analyzes avian community characteristics within…

Assessing ecological success and social acceptance of protected areas in semiarid ecosystems: A socio-ecological case study of Khabr National Park, Iran

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Azam Mashizi, Mohsen Sharafatmandrad
  • The lessons learned from the failure or success of conservation plans can be used to improve ecosystem conservation projects. This study examines the ecological success and social acceptance of Khabr National Park, Iran…

Habitat use by tiger prey in Thailand’s Western Forest Complex: what will it take to fill a half-full tiger landscape?

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Pornkamol Jornburom et al.
  • Tiger populations are declining globally, and depletion of major ungulate prey is an important contributing factor. To better understand factors affecting prey distribution in Thailand’s Western Forest Complex (WEFCOM), we conducted sign surveys for…

Climate suitability as indicative of invasion potential for the most seized bird species in Brazil

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Guilherme Destro, André de Andrade, Virgínia de Fernandes, Levi Terribile, Paulo De Marco
  • Wildlife trade is considered one of the most significant pathways for the spread of exotic species, as it is present worldwide and crosses abiotic and biotic barriers. In this sense, identifying potential invaders before they are introduced and analyzing the ecological implications of possible escapes of captive species to the wild is an important issue for preventing invasive species impacts…

Comparison of methods to model species habitat networks for decision-making in nature conservation: the case of the wildcat in southern Belgium

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Axel Bourdouxhe, Rémi Duflot, Julien Radoux, Marc Dufrêne
  • It is necessary to develop easily reproducible methods to identify and prioritize actions to maintain or restore ecological corridors. To date, several competing methods are used with recurrent debate on which is best and if expert-based approaches can replace data-driven models. We compared three methods…

Mountains and rocky outcrops as ecological refuges in a high biodiversity working landscape

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Falko Buschke et al.
  • It is typically assumed that for species to persist in working landscapes, they must either persist alongside agricultural pressures (i.e. land-sharing) or become restricted to remnant patches of natural habitat (i.e land-sparing). However, a third possibility is that species survive in stable ecological refuges that then supply the surrounding matrix with immigrants…

Characteristics of, and uncertainties about, illegal jaguar trade in Belize and Guatemala

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Melissa Arias, Amy Hinsley, E.J. Milner-Gulland
  • Recent reports of jaguar trade have emerged throughout Latin America, but, although trade is now considered a high-priority threat to jaguars, its characteristics remain largely unknown…

Strict protected areas are essential for the conservation of larger and threatened mammals in a priority region of the Brazilian Cerrado

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Guilherme Ferreira et al.
  • Assessing protected area (PA) effectiveness is key to ensure the objectives of habitat protection are being achieved. There is strong evidence that legal protection reduces loss of natural vegetation, but biodiversity loss can still happen without significant changes in vegetation cover…

Evaluating Antarctic marine protected area scenarios using a dynamic food web model

  • Source: Biological Conservation 
  • Author(s): Adrian Dahood, Kimde Mutsert, George Watters
  • Marine protected areas, especially when they are or include no-take zones, can support conservation objectives by creating an area where marine organisms are protected from human disturbances, particularly fishing. The coast of the Antarctic continent is the only habitat of the iconic Adélie penguin, whose main diet is Antarctic krill. Current threats to Adélie Penguins, other Antarctic krill predators and Antarctic krill itself include sea-ice loss as a result of climate change and krill fishing…

Spatial conservation action planning in heterogenous landscapes

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Jim Thomson et al.
  • A key challenge in conservation is the efficient allocation of limited resources to maximise benefits for biodiversity. Decision-support tools that account for landscape heterogeneity are needed to identify spatially-explicit actions that will achieve the greatest biodiversity benefits with available resources. We developed a raster-based, landscape-scale, spatial conservation action planning tool (SCAP) that…

Major biases and knowledge gaps on fragmentation research in Brazil: Implications for conservation

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Alberto Teixido et al.
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation are among the main threats to global biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, major research biases and knowledge shortfalls in some geographical regions, taxonomic groups and responses studied are recurrent in fragmentation-related research. Therefore, detecting these biases and associated gaps is crucial to steer future research efforts and to guide applicable conservation policies…

Genetic factors are less considered than demographic characters in delisting species

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Chao-Nan Liu, Yuan-Yuan Li, Rong Wang, Xiao-Yong Chen
  • When recovery goals for threatened and endangered species have been reached, these species will be removed from lists of threatened species. The self-sustainability of delisted species depends on both demographic and genetic factors, while genetic factors are still not considered as an essential part of evaluation in delisting decisions…
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