Academic Articles September 30th

Source: An action plan for saving nature — now

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

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Global protected‐area coverage and human pressure on tidal flats

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Narelle Hill, Bradley Woodworth, Stuart Phinn, Nicholas Murray, Richard Fuller
  • Tidal flats are a globally distributed coastal ecosystem important for supporting biodiversity and ecosystem services. Local to continental‐scale studies have documented rapid loss of tidal habitat driven by human impacts, but assessments of progress in their conservation are lacking…

Consequences of ignoring dispersal variation in network models for landscape connectivity

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Lauren Sullivan et al.
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation can negatively impact population persistence and biodiversity, but these effects can be mitigated if species successfully disperse between isolated habitat patches. Network models are the primary tool for quantifying landscape connectivity, yet…

Need for global conservation assessments and frameworks to include airspace habitat

  • Source: Conservation Biology
  • Author(s): Sergio Lambertucci, Karina Speziale
  • The pervasive human‐driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change in the airspace..

Long-term collapse in fruit availability threatens Central African forest megafauna

  • Source: Science
  • Author(s): Emma Bush et al.
  • Afrotropical forests host many of the world’s remaining megafauna, but even here they are confined to areas where direct human influences are low….

Mapping carbon accumulation potential from global natural forest regrowth

  • Source: Nature
  • Author(s): Susan Cook-Patton et al.
  • Regrowing natural forests is a prominent strategy for capturing additional carbon, but accurate assessments of its potential are limited by uncertainty and variability in carbon accumulation rates. To assess why and where rates differ, here we compile 13,112 georeferenced measurements of carbon accumulation…

Global terrestrial carbon fluxes of 1999–2019 estimated by upscaling eddy covariance data with a random forest

  • Source: Scientific Data
  • Author(s): Jiye Zeng et al.
  • While quantification of carbon fluxes at global land scale is important for mitigation policy related to climate and carbon, measurements are only available at sites scarcely distributed in the world. This leads to using various methods to upscale site measurements to the whole terrestrial biosphere…

Use and non-use value of nature and the social cost of carbon

  • Source: Nature Sustainability
  • Author(s): Bernardo Bastien-Olvera, Frances Moore 
  • Detailed representation of ecological damages in models used to calculate the costs of greenhouse gas emissions has been largely lacking…

Natural capital in climate models

  • Source: Nature Sustainability
  • Author(s): Matthew Agarwala, Diane Coyle 
  • Models typically used to analyse climate–economy interactions have paradoxically ignored much of nature’s value. A new study explicitly addresses this issue and reveals feedback loops between nature and the climate system that make climate change more costly…

Ecological and conceptual consequences of Arctic pollution

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Alexander Kirdyanov et al.
  • Here we use physical and biogeochemical measurements of hundreds of living and dead conifers to reconstruct the impact of heavy industrialisation around Norilsk in northern Siberia…

Squeezed by a habitat split: Warm ocean conditions and old‐forest loss interact to reduce long‐term occupancy of a threatened seabird

  • Source: Conservation Letters
  • Author(s): Matthew G. Betts et al.
  • Theory predicts that species requiring multiple habitat types simultaneously should have heightened sensitivity to anthropogenic pressures, yet tests of this prediction are especially rare. We tested whether breeding site occupancy of the threatened marbled murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) was driven by the synergistic effects of nesting habitat loss in forests, and changing ocean conditions…

Estimating retention benchmarks for salvage logging to protect biodiversity

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Simon Thorn, Anne Chao, Alexandro Leverkus 
  • Forests are increasingly affected by natural disturbances. Subsequent salvage logging, a widespread management practice conducted predominantly to recover economic capital, produces further disturbance and impacts biodiversity worldwide…

Rapid morphological change in multiple cichlid ecotypes following the damming of a major clearwater river in Brazil

  • Source: Evolutionary Applications
  • Author(s): Chaise Gilbert, Alberto Akama, Cristina Fernandes, Craig Albertson
  • While anthropogenic disturbances can have damaging effects on biodiversity, they also offer an opportunity to understand how species adapt to new environments and may even provide insights into the earliest stages of evolutionary diversification…

The origin and diversification of pteropods precede past perturbations in the Earth’s carbon cycle

  • Source: PNAS
  • Author(s): Katja Peijnenburg et al.
  • Pteropods are a group of planktonic gastropods that are widely regarded as biological indicators for assessing the impacts of ocean acidification…

Macroecological laws describe variation and diversity in microbial communities

  • Source: Nature Communications
  • Author(s): Jacopo Grilli 
  • Whether variation in ecological communities is driven by deterministic or random processes is one of the most controversial issues in ecology. Here, I study the variation of species presence and abundance in microbial communities from a macroecological standpoint…

Conservation of carnivorous plants in the age of extinction

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Adam Cross et al.
  • Carnivorous plants (CPs)—those possessing specific strategies to attract, capture and kill animal prey and obtain nutrition through the absorption of their biomass—are harbingers of anthropogenic degradation and destruction of ecosystems…

Secondary forests offset less than 10% of deforestation‐mediated carbon emissions in the Brazilian Amazon

  • Source: Global Change Biology
  • Author(s): Charlotte Smith et al.
  • Secondary forests are increasing in the Brazilian Amazon and have been cited as an important mechanism for reducing net carbon emissions. However, our understanding of the contribution of secondary forests to the Amazonian carbon balance is incomplete…

Birds advancing lay dates with warming springs face greater risk of chick mortality

  • Source: PNAS
  • Author(s): Ryan Shipley et al.
  • In response to a warming planet with earlier springs, migratory animals are adjusting the timing of essential life stages…

A century of observations reveals increasing likelihood of continental-scale compound dry-hot extremes

  • Source: Science Advances
  • Author(s): Mohammad Alizadeh et al
  • Using over a century of ground-based observations over the contiguous United States, we show that the frequency of compound dry and hot extremes has increased substantially in the past decades, with an alarming increase in very rare dry-hot extremes…

Arctic fires re-emerging

  • Source: Nature Geoscience
  • Author(s): Jessica McCarty, Thomas Smith, Merritt Turetsky 
  • An international effort is needed to manage a changing fire regime in the vulnerable Arctic…

Forest conversion to oil palm compresses food chain length in tropical streams

  • Source: Ecology
  • Author(s): Clare Wilkinson et al.
  • In Southeast Asia, biodiversity‐rich forests are being extensively logged and converted to oil palm monocultures…We used stable isotope analyses (SIA) to determine the impacts of land‐use changes on the relative contribution of allochthonous and autochthonous basal resources in 19 stream food webs…

Conservation in post‐industrial cities: How does vacant land management and landscape configuration influence urban bees?

  • Source: Journal of Applied Ecology
  • Author(s): Katherine Turo, MaLisa Spring, Frances Sivakoff  Yvan Delgado de la flor, Mary Gardiner
  • To inform urban bee conservation, we assessed local and landscape scale drivers of bee community composition and foraging within vacant lots of Cleveland, Ohio, USA…

Co‐occurrence history increases ecosystem stability and resilience in experimental plant communities

  • Source: Ecology
  • Author(s): Sofia van Moorsel et al.
  • Understanding factors that maintain ecosystem stability is critical in the face of environmental change…

Temperature but not nutrient addition affects abundance and assemblage structure of colonizing aquatic insects

  • Source: Ecology
  • Author(s): Sarah McNamara, Matthew Pintar, William Resetarits Jr.
  • Changing characteristics of freshwater habitats will likely impact organisms in numerous ways, including through effects on colonization dynamics…

Diversity and distribution across a large environmental and spatial gradient: Evaluating the taxonomic and functional turnover, transitions and environmental drivers of benthic diatom communities

  • Source: Global Ecology and Biogeography
  • Author(s): Leena Virta, Janne Soininen, Alf Norkko
  • Global biodiversity loss has raised interest in understanding variation in diversity at different scales…

What is wrong between ecological science and policy?

  • Source: Ecology Letters
  • Author(s): Pierre Chassé, Cécile Blatrix, Nathalie Frascaria‐Lacoste
  • Ecological research is highlighting different kinds of issues concerning biodiversity conservation policies…

Modified hydrological regime from the Three Gorges Dam increases the risk of food shortages for wintering waterbirds in Poyang Lake

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Yankuo Li et al.
  • Poyang Lake is an internationally important wintering ground for waterbirds. Since the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) began operations, the lake’s hydrological regime has been changed…

Mapping human‒wildlife conflict hotspots in a transboundary landscape in the Eastern Himalaya

  • Source: Global Ecology and Conservation
  • Author(s): Prashanti Sharma et al.
  • The Kangchenjunga Landscape, an important repository of biodiversity, faces several challenges owing to various drivers of change…

Assessing the regional landscape connectivity for multispecies to coordinate on-the-ground needs for mitigating linear infrastructure impact in Brasov – Prahova region

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Ancuta Fedorca et al.
  • While many initiatives, studies and projects are focusing only on modelling wildlife connectivity movement, coordinated efforts should help to deliver adaptative solutions for the on-the-ground needs, while helping the planners and involving communities in landscape protection…

Redistribution of large and medium-sized mammals in a sacred natural site, western China

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Yu Xu et al.
  • Sacred natural sites are the unique landforms protected and worshiped by local communities for cultural or religious purposes. Although the traditionally-managed sites are suggested to have potential in contributing towards biodiversity conservation, few studies have examined the effectiveness of such sites on the protection of animal diversity…

Fulfilling Nature Needs Half through terrestrial-focused protected areas and their adequacy for freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity protection: A case from Bhutan

  • Source: Journal for Nature Conservation
  • Author(s): Tshering Dorji, Fran Sheldon, Simon Linke
  • We assessed protection of the surface area of lakes, length of river reaches, habitat area of fish and odonate species within the terrestrial-focused protected areas of Bhutan that meets NNH target…

Linking wilderness mapping and connectivity modelling: A methodological framework for wildland network planning

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s):Yue Cao, Rui Yang, Steve Carver
  • Habitat fragmentation is one of the key drivers of global biodiversity loss. In this context, connectivity modelling is increasingly important for effective conservation…

Shift in proximate causes of mortality for six large migratory raptors over a century

  • Source: Biological Conservation
  • Author(s): Federico De Pascalis, Michele Panuccio, Giovanni Bacaro, Flavio Monti
  • Delayed maturity and low reproductive rate make raptors naturally sensitive to high mortality rates, yet a wide variety of human-related threats negatively affect their population dynamics and persistence over time…

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