Academic Articles Aug. 12

The latest academic papers on conservation. If you have a paper that you would like to share, please get in contact with us. Click on the title to follow the link to each article. Please note that some of these articles are behind a paywall.

  • The global decline of freshwater megafauna
    • Source: Global Change Biology
    • Author(s): Fengzhi He et al.
    • Abstract: Freshwater ecosystems are among the most diverse and dynamic ecosystems on Earth. At the same time, they are among the most threatened ecosystems but remain underrepresented in biodiversity research and conservation efforts…
  • Quantifying the impact of uncertainty on threat management for biodiversity
    • Source: Nature Communications
    • Author(s): Sam Nicol, James Brazill-Boast, Emma Gorrod, Adam McSorley, Nathalie Peyrard & Iadine Chadès
    • Abstract: With inadequate resources to manage the threats facing biodiversity worldwide, achieving projected management outcomes is critical for efficient resource allocation and species recovery…
  • The ethics of genetic engineering and gene drives in conservation
    • Source: Conservation Biology
    • Author(s): Ronald Sandler
    • Abstract: The ethical issues associated with using genetic engineering and gene drives in conservation are typically described as consisting of risk assessment/management, public engagement/acceptance, opportunity costs, risks/benefit distributions, and oversight. These are important, but the issues…
  • A climate‐change vulnerability and adaptation assessment for Brazil’s protected areas
    • Source: Conservation Biology
    • Author(s): David M. Lapola et al.
    • Abstract: Brazil hosts the largest expanse of tropical ecosystems within protected areas (PAs), which shelter biodiversity and support traditional populations. Here we present a vulnerability analysis of 993 terrestrial and coastal‐marine Brazilian PAs by combining indicators of climatic change hazard…
  • Designing a global mechanism for intergovernmental biodiversity financing
    • Source: Conservation Letters
    • Author(s): Nils Droste  Joshua Farley  Irene Ring  Peter H. May  Taylor H. Ricketts
    • Abstract: The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol display a broad international consensus for biodiversity conservation and equitable benefit sharing. Yet, the Aichi biodiversity targets show a lack of progress and thus indicate a need for additional action such as enhanced and…
  • Environmental solutions sparked by environmental history
    • Source: Conservation Biology
    • Author(s): Dominic McAfee  Heidi K. Alleway  Sean D. Connell
    • Abstract: Environmental solutions require a decision‐making process that is ultimately political in that they involve decisions with uncertain outcomes, often with conflicting viewpoints. If this process seeks broad alignment between the government and public, then reconciling conflicting viewpoints…
  • Effectiveness of Panama as an intercontinental land bridge for large mammals
    • Source: Conservation Biology
    • Author(s): Ninon F. V. Meyer
    • Abstract: Habitat fragmentation is a primary driver of wildlife loss, and establishment of biological corridors is a common strategy to mitigate this problem. A flagship example is the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC), which aims to connect protected forest areas between Mexico and Panama to allow…
  • Human activity likely affects giraffe’s social networks
    • Source: Ethology
    • Author(s): Soe Muller, Innes C. Cuthill, Stephen Harris
    • Researchers examined information on two adjacent giraffe populations in Kenya to determine whether human activities and high predation affect their social networks.
  • ‘Mega-fires’ may be too extreme even for a bird that loves fire
    • Source: The Condor
    • Author(s): Andrew N. Stillman et al.
    • Fire is a natural part of western forests, but the changing nature of fire in many parts of North America may pose challenges for birds. One bird in particular, the Black-backed Woodpecker, specializes in using recently-burned forests in western North America, but new research suggests that these birds…
  • The limits of rainforest growth
    • Source: Nature Geoscience
    • Author(s): Katrin Fleischer et al.
    • How much carbon dioxide can tropical rainforests absorb? Investigations indicate that the absorption capacity is severely limited by the phosphorus content of the soil.
  • Diet change needed to save vast areas of tropics
    • Source: Global Environmental Change
    • Author(s): Roslyn C. Henry et al.
    • One quarter of the world’s tropical land could disappear by the end of the century unless meat and dairy consumption falls, researchers have warned.

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